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Khadi Commission Responds to Criticism

 It would have been simple if that was all there was to it. But the temple area also contains the dome of the rock or Mosque of Omar

Rapid Growth of Industrial Co-operation

1966-67, which were about 10 million tonnes, barely enabled the Centre to maintain the monthly allocations of about 8 lakh tonnes to the various States. And like that ended 1966-67, on ship-to-mouth basis! The agricultural year 1967-68 has begun with encouraging weather reports. However, it will be another 4-5 months before the new crop starts moving to the market. Till then the situation will be as precarious as ever. And in the absence of any Arm commitments for imports it appears very doubtful whether it would be possible to maintain Central supplies of 8 lakh tonnes per month. Last week's agreement has to be seen in this context. Supplies under the agreement, together with some commercial purchases, would ensure the present scale of Central allocation till about September, but that does not mean that the Food Minister is out of the woods; he has yet to devise ways for importing another 2 to 3 million tonnes for the period before the new crop begins to arrive in the market.

Feelers Through Mao Badges

duction of improved technology in the rural industries. Privy Purses WHAT is the cost-beneflt relationship In maintaining the princely order at public expense? The annual expenditure on Privy purses is Rs 5 crores which is worth much more than the equivalent income of any taxpayer because it is free of income tax. In addition, the princes get free medical attention for themselves and their families, free water and electricity in their original seats of residence, and exemption from motor vehicles tax and customs duty in specified cases. There are also some old convenants under which particular types of investment income are also free of tax, These payments and fringe benefits are liberal by any standard, though the princes consider them a modest return for their sacrifice in the interests of integration. It is true, Privy purses are guaranteed under the Constitution, and by individual convenants, but guarantees even if perpetual are not untouchable. They have to be in tune with changing circumstances.

Food Temporary Succour

July I, 1967 secretaries who will presumably give the benefit of their accumulated wisdom extempore on each case and then ask their underlings to get down to the old business of prolonged bargaining. This approach completely Ignores the fact that the petty savings derived from endless negotiations do not make up for the consequent loss of time and production. On the contrary, they materially affect the climate for foreign collaboration which the Government is so keen to improve.

Jerusalem O Jerusalem

1966-67, which were about 10 million tonnes, barely enabled the Centre to maintain the monthly allocations of about 8 lakh tonnes to the various States. And like that ended 1966-67, on ship-to-mouth basis! The agricultural year 1967-68 has begun with encouraging weather reports. However, it will be another 4-5 months before the new crop starts moving to the market. Till then the situation will be as precarious as ever. And in the absence of any Arm commitments for imports it appears very doubtful whether it would be possible to maintain Central supplies of 8 lakh tonnes per month. Last week's agreement has to be seen in this context. Supplies under the agreement, together with some commercial purchases, would ensure the present scale of Central allocation till about September, but that does not mean that the Food Minister is out of the woods; he has yet to devise ways for importing another 2 to 3 million tonnes for the period before the new crop begins to arrive in the market.

The Rock of Gibraitar

of weaker sections has been evolved in all the States for directing assistance to them. Funds are being earmarked 'through functional cooperatives, in the first instancy for dairying and animals husbandry, fisheries, Rousing and village and cottage industries. Schemes are also being pursued for tribal, forest and labour co-operatives. It has to be clearly recognised that such programmes are essentially for relief, and not business strictly. This difference is currently translated into action by providing more liberal subsidies, but their fragmentation into miniscule amounts with high overhead expenses and the wooden administration tend to drain away nearlv all the benefits. The consequent deficiency in performance further widens the gap between pro mise and fulfilment. This programme is a task for missionaries; it cannot be cramped within the bounds of what is administratively possible.

Slow Moving Tractors

of weaker sections has been evolved in all the States for directing assistance to them. Funds are being earmarked 'through functional cooperatives, in the first instancy for dairying and animals husbandry, fisheries, Rousing and village and cottage industries. Schemes are also being pursued for tribal, forest and labour co-operatives. It has to be clearly recognised that such programmes are essentially for relief, and not business strictly. This difference is currently translated into action by providing more liberal subsidies, but their fragmentation into miniscule amounts with high overhead expenses and the wooden administration tend to drain away nearlv all the benefits. The consequent deficiency in performance further widens the gap between pro mise and fulfilment. This programme is a task for missionaries; it cannot be cramped within the bounds of what is administratively possible.

Slipping in the Mizo Hills

 banks in industrial finance, a point which unfortunately still escapes attention. An informal advisory com- Wttee, which has just reported to the Reserve Bank has suggested that some guidelines and limits should be lard down for this business in order to bring about diversification of business. One recommendation, which the Reserve Bank has already accepted, is that 20 per cent of a bank's outstanding unsecured guarantees, together with its unsecured advances, should not exceed 15 per cent of its total advances.

Credit in Reserve

Nasser had made the first pre-emptive attack against Israel and destroyed lsraeli air fields, his armies would have had all the air cover they needed and there might have been another story to tell Obviously Nasser was misled, but whether this was an act of treachery or just another instance of the unpredictably in history, it is too early to say. There will have to be another Nutting to unfold the events that preceded the short-lived Arab-Israeli war in a decade's time.

Costly Advice

 tion of a sustained foodgrains palicy for the near future. The foodgrains crop this year is estimated at 76 million fonnes

Behind the Co-operative Facade

 banks in industrial finance, a point which unfortunately still escapes attention. An informal advisory com- Wttee, which has just reported to the Reserve Bank has suggested that some guidelines and limits should be lard down for this business in order to bring about diversification of business. One recommendation, which the Reserve Bank has already accepted, is that 20 per cent of a bank's outstanding unsecured guarantees, together with its unsecured advances, should not exceed 15 per cent of its total advances.

Licensing Changes After the Monsoon

 them emotionally accept Israel in the normal scheme of West Asian politics, And, without wholehearted and unreserved Arab co-operation, there simply cannot be any peace in West Asia. What needs to be stressed is that, in getting this cooperation, the United Nations, against which Eshkol today raves, has a great role to play. It is nbt true that the United Nations encouraged the Arab build-up. Nor has Eshkol added to his prestige by running down that world body under whose shelter Israel has grown to its present stature.

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