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Chill Winds for Coal

not reopening the whole question and going back on every assurance given to the hill leaders by responsible members of the Central Government from the late Pandit Nehru to the present Home Minister. The decision of the leaders of the APHLC to boycott the committee's work needs no further explanation or justification.

Double Talk on Hill Areas

 it is stated, is anxious not to disrupt essential jobs, but it may not be within the Commission's powers to prevent it. The fact of the matter is that BP-Shell itself is under heavy pressure both from Lagos and Enugu to pay oil royalties, rents, taxes on profits, etc, to the respective governments. Under existing arrangements, oil revenues are payable to the Federal Government but Col Ojukwu last month signed a decree that in future further payments are to be made to Biafra alone. BP-Shell is in a real dilemma: if it pays the revenue to Biafra, it may have to face a blockade from the Lagos government; a blockade, in fact, has already been imposed and is in full operation. If it does not, then Biafra may enforce a penalty

Must Rayon Tyre Cord be Perpetually Protected

 The Business of Politics THE high-minded resolutions of the AICC at its New Delhi session two weeks ago received the utmost publicity, but a not quite so high- minded decision of the party's Parliamentary Board last week has gone somewhat unnoticed. This decision goes back on a resolution of the Board passed in 1963. Under the resolution, if M Ps and M L As belonging to other parties wanted to join the Congress they had to resign their seats and seek re-election as Congress candidates. Further, M Ps and M L As who were ex-Congressmen and who had won elections against Congress candidates were not to be admitted into the party for seven years. Now, by its decision, the Board has done away with these self-imposed restrictions, leaving it to the Congress President to decide in consultation with the Pradesh Committee concerned whether the M Ps and M L As applying for entry into the party should be admitted or not. Indeed the Board has gone further and indicated that normally such admission would not be refused. Here, then, is an open invitation to malcontents in other parties to flock to the Congress.

The Business of Politics

 The Business of Politics THE high-minded resolutions of the AICC at its New Delhi session two weeks ago received the utmost publicity, but a not quite so high- minded decision of the party's Parliamentary Board last week has gone somewhat unnoticed. This decision goes back on a resolution of the Board passed in 1963. Under the resolution, if M Ps and M L As belonging to other parties wanted to join the Congress they had to resign their seats and seek re-election as Congress candidates. Further, M Ps and M L As who were ex-Congressmen and who had won elections against Congress candidates were not to be admitted into the party for seven years. Now, by its decision, the Board has done away with these self-imposed restrictions, leaving it to the Congress President to decide in consultation with the Pradesh Committee concerned whether the M Ps and M L As applying for entry into the party should be admitted or not. Indeed the Board has gone further and indicated that normally such admission would not be refused. Here, then, is an open invitation to malcontents in other parties to flock to the Congress.

No Peace in Congo

 recommendations, revealing its ambivalent attitude to corruption in public life. While it is anxious to publicise action taken against corrupt government servants, most of them lowly placed and mostly for petty offences, and is prepared to set up agencies like the Vigilance Commissions to tackle this problem, It is determined to leave corruption at the ministerial level outside the scope of its anti-corruption measures. So whether a corrupt politician is brought to book or not depends entirely on political circumstances.

Not Useful Enough

Not Useful Enough AMONG the underdeveloped countries, India probably has much more statistical data relating to the economy than any other country. One wishes one could add that the available data are properly processed to serve analytical and policy purposes. This, unfortunately, is not done. It is a sad commentary on our policy-making expertise that they have not mdu- ced such processing. Economic classification of the Central Budget was started onlyas late as 1957-58. And even now, there is no economic classification of State Govern- ment Budgets. The result is that we remain ignorant about areas for which we have fairly good statistical material. The analytical work relating to financial flows and estimation of saving and investment, for instance, suffers not because of inadequate data but simply because government agencies have ttiven such a low priority to technical work, without which it is not possible to take rational policy decisions.

What Kind of Quality Control

What Kind of Quality Control? MOTOR CARS are the status symbol of the new power elite. That is the principal if not the sole justification for the disproportionate attention which motor cars receive from Government, Press and Parliament. Their prices and distribution are regulated like those of essential commodities. Though controls on commercial vehicles, which are of greater interest to the public at large, have been lifted, they continue on passenger cars.

Corruption Among the High

Not Useful Enough AMONG the underdeveloped countries, India probably has much more statistical data relating to the economy than any other country. One wishes one could add that the available data are properly processed to serve analytical and policy purposes. This, unfortunately, is not done. It is a sad commentary on our policy-making expertise that they have not mdu- ced such processing. Economic classification of the Central Budget was started onlyas late as 1957-58. And even now, there is no economic classification of State Govern- ment Budgets. The result is that we remain ignorant about areas for which we have fairly good statistical material. The analytical work relating to financial flows and estimation of saving and investment, for instance, suffers not because of inadequate data but simply because government agencies have ttiven such a low priority to technical work, without which it is not possible to take rational policy decisions.

Machine Tool Units Take the Hint

THERE is nothing like a buyers' market to stimulate industry's ingenuity in meeting customers' needs. The recession in the machine tools industry has induced manufacturers to revise their production programmes and diversify their production pattern. Investa Machine Tools, now merged with TELCO, is reported to be concentrating on machine tools for the automobile industry. And Hindustan Machine Tools has also reacted the same way. In response to the needs of the automobile and scooter units, it has adapted some of its machine tools to perform multi-operations for machining components. It has also entered into a technical collaboration agrement with Versons of Chicago for the manufacture of special purpose tools for the automobile industry.

Giving In to Recession Without a Fight

 recommendations, revealing its ambivalent attitude to corruption in public life. While it is anxious to publicise action taken against corrupt government servants, most of them lowly placed and mostly for petty offences, and is prepared to set up agencies like the Vigilance Commissions to tackle this problem, It is determined to leave corruption at the ministerial level outside the scope of its anti-corruption measures. So whether a corrupt politician is brought to book or not depends entirely on political circumstances.

Central Loans

What Kind of Quality Control? MOTOR CARS are the status symbol of the new power elite. That is the principal if not the sole justification for the disproportionate attention which motor cars receive from Government, Press and Parliament. Their prices and distribution are regulated like those of essential commodities. Though controls on commercial vehicles, which are of greater interest to the public at large, have been lifted, they continue on passenger cars.

Privy Purses

duction of improved technology in the rural industries. Privy Purses WHAT is the cost-beneflt relationship In maintaining the princely order at public expense? The annual expenditure on Privy purses is Rs 5 crores which is worth much more than the equivalent income of any taxpayer because it is free of income tax. In addition, the princes get free medical attention for themselves and their families, free water and electricity in their original seats of residence, and exemption from motor vehicles tax and customs duty in specified cases. There are also some old convenants under which particular types of investment income are also free of tax, These payments and fringe benefits are liberal by any standard, though the princes consider them a modest return for their sacrifice in the interests of integration. It is true, Privy purses are guaranteed under the Constitution, and by individual convenants, but guarantees even if perpetual are not untouchable. They have to be in tune with changing circumstances.

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