ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Munnar: Through the Lens of Political Ecology

The workers of the tea plantations of Munnar cannot bank on a future based on rising wages. A critical discussion of the history of settlement, plantations and accumulation in the region suggests that they need to acquire a share in the income from ecologically-sensitive tourism and from a tea that has a brand and therefore higher value, as also from better education in institutions established under corporate social responsibility activities.

Living Conditions of Tea Plantation Workers

The strike by women workers in the tea plantations of Kerala brings to fore the miserable living conditions of the workers in this sector across the country. With more than a million permanent workers, the tea plantation industry is the largest in the formal private sector in the country. Yet wages of these workers are the lowest in the formal sector and their living conditions are appalling. Though there are laws that govern the living conditions of workers, these are violated and the state seems indifferent.
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