ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Social Audit of Midday Meal Scheme in AP

Studies of India's midday meal scheme have emphasised the need for community monitoring. A social audit was recently initiated for this purpose by the government of Andhra Pradesh. This article presents an account of the audit in Adilabad and Kurnool districts. It brings out various problems like corruption, misuse of power and mismanagement of funding. However, the audit did also bring out the many positive effects of the midday meal scheme - in increasing enrolment, averting "classroom hunger" and reducing social discrimination. It also showed that active community monitoring can significantly enhance the quality of the scheme.

Community Caretaking and Women Volunteer Teachers in Mumbai Slums

Despite increasing emphasis on civic participation in governance, how and why people participate in civil society and what meanings they ascribe to their actions have received scarce attention. Addressing the gap, this paper ethnographically investigates women's roles as volunteer teachers in their slum localities in Mumbai. Examining the meanings of their communitybased teaching roles, the paper illustrates that women interpreted their engagements as community caretaking, which was grounded in interpersonal relationships and a desire for social upliftment of the disadvantaged. Illuminating civic participation from the standpoint of disadvantaged women, it reveals women's citizenship action as a complex and negotiated process, intersected by class and gender constructs.

Education Policy and Practice: Case Studies from Delhi and Mumbai

The policy goals of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (education for all) programme focus on access and quality education. Using indicators like access and overcrowding, achievement, mainstreaming, fund utilisation and retention of children, this field survey of municipal schools in Mumbai and Delhi provides a comparative analysis of each city's progress towards the stated goal.

Economic Liberalisation and Civil Aviation Industry

This article examines the structure of the civil aviation industry in India and the concomitant challenges. It highlights developments that have radically changed the face of the aviation industry, general economic conditions that have had a bearing on the sector, the process of liberalisation, entrepreneurial interest and the growth of new airlines, allocation of capacity at airports, and other related issues. Further, it examines emerging regulatory issues and imperatives confronting the stakeholders.

Ghettoisation, Crime and Punishment in Mumbai

The entrenchment of neoliberal policies and a deepening social and economic divide are the primary reasons for the exacerbation of crime and social conflict in cities such as Mumbai. The very same reasons work in the intensification of social divides through selective punishment of the weaker sections which are already facing the brunt of such policies.

Deficient Public Infrastructure and Private Costs: Evidence for the Water Sector

This paper presents new evidence on the links between public infrastructure provisioning and time allocation related to the water sector in India. Using time-use data, the analysis reveals that worsening public infrastructure affects market work with evident gender differentials. The results also suggest that the access to public infrastructure can lead to substitution effects in time allocation between unpaid work and market work. The broad conclusion is that public investment policy can redress intra-household inequalities in terms of labour supply decisions by supporting initiatives that reduce the allocation of time in non-market work.

Formulation of Inclusive Policies in Parliament

Recognising the discriminatory character of Indian society, the role played by legislators in influencing the policies for scheduled castes and tribes constitutes the subject matter of this article. The initiative to get recommendations implemented, the participation in debates and discussions and intervention of members of Parliament during question hour in the Lok Sabha (1985-95) have been analysed in the light of the fact that many of the legislators are representatives of the dalit masses.

Nurksian Contributions and Development Economics Curriculum

With the passing of the birth centenary of the great development economist, Ragnar Nurkse, it is time to examine the curriculum of development economics in Indian universities, and particularly, Nurksian contributions to the subject matter.

Understanding Recent Trends in Inflation

This article aims at providing a comprehensive analysis of the trends in the current surge in inflation. It tracks the movements in the wholesale price index over the past two years to understand when inflation began to accelerate, asks if this is the result of an across the board price increase and compares consumer prices with wholesale prices.

Need for an Integrated Energy Modelling Institution in India

India's several interlinked energyrelated challenges can only be met by long-term planning and coordinated action by various stakeholders. By highlighting the Planning Commission's Integrated Energy Policy report, this article proposes the creation of a government-supported statutory energy modelling institution - the Bureau of Energy Information and Analysis - that works under the guidance of the Planning Commission to develop an in-house modelling and analysis capacity for India. It argues that such an institutional approach will strengthen India's existing energy modelling efforts and help create a community of committed energy specialists.

Pollution in the Mahanadi: Urban Sewage, Industrial Effluents and Biomedical Waste

The discharge of municipal sewage, industrial effluents and biomedical waste into the Mahanadi has raised concerns about environmental sustainability and also posed a serious threat to the health of people living on the banks. This article critically examines the river pollution caused by the spiralling urbanisation and industrialisation along with dumping of waste by many medical facilities. There is an urgent need to address this enormous challenge which is a direct outcome of inefficient planning and management.

Rethinking Tibet?

Why and for what are the Tibetans - the people who have silently coexisted on our soil for over half a century and with whom we otherwise profess to have close cultural ties - struggling? Indians have by and large remained unaffected by their agonised cries. It is the attitude of liberal left thinkers in this country that is in particular a matter of grave concern. How are we to understand the apathy and outright aversion of the "egalitarian left" towards the Tibetan movement?

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