ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Diaspora Philanthropy and Development in Rural Punjab

The level of diaspora philanthropy and its role in socio-economic development in rural Punjab is analysed using primary data from 24 selected villages. The findings reveal that while cumulatively, diaspora philanthropy is important for socio-economic development in the selected villages in Punjab, the philanthropic donations and their impacts were not equally distributed among them.

Social Expenditure and Human Development in Gujarat

The relative position of Gujarat on economic and human development indicators for 10 years from 2004–05 is examined. The state government’s priorities for human development in terms of budgetary allocation to the social sector in general, and education and health sectors in particular over a 10-year period are compared using expenditure ratios and per capita social sector expenditure.

Towards Building an Ecological Civilisation

There is a need to contemplate and work towards building an ecological civilisation that would outline the ways of living in harmony with nature. Dialogue and a belief in collective good mark the culture of bahudha , an approach that celebrates diversity and harmonious living.

Discriminatory Attitudes towards the Female Mobility

Empirical evidence from a survey experiment administered in Bihar, Punjab, Kerala, and Delhi reveals discriminatory attitudes towards the freedom of movement of females. The findings reveal the main effect—an indication of discrimination against females in the context of mobility—to be significant and the magnitude of the main effect to vary significantly by region, though the treatment condition is still significant in each.

Schooling and the Intra-world of Muslim Community

A narrative of the issues, complexities and challenges that Muslim educational institutions face from within, stresses the need to pay attention to schools as independent institutions in order to understand the intricacies of schooling.

Taxes on Petro Products

Petro products are price-sensitive, as these constitute key inputs to private consumption, industrial production, and public transportation. Petro prices have global linkage and exhibit high volatility. A quantitative and historical analysis of taxes on petroleum products in India, which is largely import-dependent, is undertaken, as the tax component constitutes 40%–50% of the retail price. During 2015–16 and 2016–17, the government could have reduced tax rates on petrol and diesel, but it did not, probably because of the wider considerations of fiscal balance and development imperatives.

Taiwan’s Pension Crisis

With the emergence of democratisation in Taiwan, political parties compete over social welfare and pension benefits to please voters. Voters want substantial increases in social welfare and pension benefits but are fiercely resistant to tax increases. Taiwan’s government debt has continued to accumulate considerably. The Ministry of Civil Service estimates that many of the pension systems will go broke soon. Taiwan’s pension system is rather complicated; it is being restructured. Without a sustainable pension system, future generations of taxpayers will shoulder the pension spending on current generations. Ending Taiwan’s low economic growth is a prerequisite for a sustainable pension system.

Estimates of Tobacco-dependent Employment in India

India ratified the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2004, thus committing itself to reducing tobacco consumption gradually and providing alternative livelihood opportunities to tobacco-dependent workers, including bidi rollers and farmers. While the central government’s demand-side measures seem effective, controlling the supply of tobacco and providing alternative vocations to workers is necessary.

The Potential of Participation in Global Value Chains

Low demand, high trade costs, poor infrastructure, unstable law and order and the lackadaisical nature of government impede the economic growth of the North Eastern Region. This prolonged underdevelopment points to the urgent need of the NER to integrate with the global economy for faster economic growth. Such an integration and subsequent economic transformation can be made possible through participation in global value chains. The NER has comparative trade advantage in producing labour-intensive products, and participation in services-based GVCs, particularly tourism, can be very profitable for the NER.

Food Insecurity and Malnutrition among Santhal Children in Jharkhand

Despite several strategic interventions, India is struggling hard with the many issues contributing to child mortality and malnutrition. This study is an exploration of various dimensions affecting the nutritional status of children in Gandey block, Jharkhand, a populous tribal belt in India. It makes an attempt to evaluate the food security within this community by exploring predominant variables operating in the area leading to malnutrition: socio-economic, demographic and political factors, pattern of food consumption, and coverage of government schemes.

Clans, Tribes and Unions of Tribes

The people of North East India are often identified by the outside world on the basis of the nomenclature associated with their clans, tribes and union of tribes. Yet, contrary to popular belief, this notion of “oneness” asserted by people embracing a particular nomenclature does not imply a common language or culture. Far from tribal or ethnic identity corresponding to linguistic or cultural identity, this notion of oneness arises out of a shared history or common political aspirations.

Excluding the Poor from Credit

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have become no-go areas for microfinance institutions due to the Andhra Pradesh Microfinance Institutions (Regulation of Money Lending) Ordinance, 2010 and, later, the Andhra Pradesh Microfinance Institutions (Regulation of Money Lending) Act, 2010. Contrary to their laudable objectives, these legislations have neither served public interest nor improved access to finance for the underprivileged sections. Instead, access to finance has contracted, and financial distress and fall in consumption levels of underprivileged households have increased. The law has hit the poor and the marginalised, by constricting their choices in accessing alternate modes of non-collateralised credit.

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