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Demand for Total Ban on Cow Slaughter in Kerala and West Bengal

The last few weeks have witnessed a ban on the slaughter and possession of bulls, bullocks and calves, in addition to cows, in Maharashtra and then in Haryana. The BJP, in power in both these states as well as the centre, has argued that they have agreed to a long-standing demand from various sections of society. In this article published in EPW in 1979, economist K N Raj analyses the demand of Vinoba Bhave for banning cow slaughter in West Bengal and Kerala—a debate that is continuing even today.

The Politics and Economics of "Intermediate Regimes"

The discussion on "intermediate regimes" was carried out in the pages of the EPW through the mid 70s. We present one of the earliest essays on "intermediate regimes" by K N Raj for our readers.

People`s Resilience

Letters Maoist Attack T he Independent Citizens’ Initiative, which studied Salwa Judum in May 2006, strongly condemns the Maoist attack on Errabor camp in Dantewada district on July 17, 2006, in which more than 40 adivasis were killed or seriously injured. Even small children were not spared in...

Bridging the Urban-Rural Gap

Bridging the Urban-Rural Gap K N Raj The widening difference in the levels of per capita income in the rural and urban sectors of the economy, superimposed on earlier disparities between the town and the countryside which persuaded many (including Mahatma Gandhi) to characterise the relationship as essentially exploitative in nature, can have extremely serious economic, apart from social and political, consequences.

Structural Changes in the World Economy-Implications for Development Policy and International Co-operation

Structural Changes in the World Economy Implications for Development Policy and International Co-operation K N Raj The world economy had by the beginning of the 1980s reached a state of near stagnation, with total output volume rising no more than 1.9per cent in 1980 and 0.9per cent in 1981 and total export volume actually declining by 1 per cent in 1981. Though there has been no general breakdown of the kind experienced between 1929 and 1931, sharp changes in prices and interest rates have brought several countries close to the point of default on their rapidly growing debts, massive short-term capital movements have further destabilised exchange rates, and the possibility of a major financial collapse with global repercussions cannot be ruled out Clearly these are symptoms of a deeper malaise, not amenable to traditional policy prescriptions.

Some Observations on Economic Growth in India over the Period 1952-53 to 1982-83

Some Observations on Economic Growth in India over the Period 1952-53 to 1982-83 K N Raj THERE is a presumption in some of the recent discussions on Indian development experience that the rate of growth of output (i e, of gross domestic product) has decelerated since the middle of the 1960s; and that, since the rate of domestic investment has evidently gone up significantly over the last decade, incremental capital-output ratios have not only risen sharply but that this reflects increasingly wasteful and inefficient resource use in the economy. From this follow a variety of other generalisations and policy inferences, both economic and political. The proceedings of the MIT Conference on the 'Political Economy of Slow Industrial Growth in India', sponsored by the Social Science Research Council of the United States, provide rich examples,1 The deceleration hypotheses had their origin around the middle of the 1970s based mainly on data covering the preceding decade.2 However, even before the end of the 1970s, enough evidence had begun to emerge for questioning the presumption.3 Data subsequently available for the entire period covering the last three decades4 make it possible now to secure a broader perspective of the pattern of growth and fluctuation in the economy and to replace the earlier supposition on deceleration with more plausible hypotheses consistent with even the possibility of some improvement in the overall growth rate (and in the rate of industrial growth) since the middle of the 1970s.

Agricultural Growth in China and India- Role of Price and Non-Price Factors

Agricultural Growth in China and India Role of Price and Non-Price Factors K N Raj The increase in agricultural production achieved in China in the 1950s was based largely on the restoration and fuller utilisation of the traditional infrastructure of irrigation located largely, in the south.

Demand for Total Ban on Cow Slaughter in Kerala and West Bengal-Some Observations

Vinoba Bhave's demand for banning cow slaughter in Kerala and West Bengal and his fast for gaining its acceptance raise three sets of issues; (a) the constitutional and legal basis of the demand, (b) its economic rationale, and (c) the political implications and possible consequences. This note examines these issues.

Poverty, Politics and Development-Western Europe in First Half of 19th Century and South Asia in Second Half of the 20th

Western Europe in First Half of 19th Century and South Asia in Second Half of the 20th K N Raj Poverty is now the dominant theme of much of current economic literature on countries such as India. The politics of these countries also seem to take its cue from poverty, through appeals to the poor and through various policies and programmes for their relief. But the precise ways in which the economics and the politics of poverty interact and condition the processes of change are not clear, In order to understand this interaction between economic and non-economic phenomena, which are nowhere more strikingly evident than in the so-called developing countries, an attempt is made here to look back in history and see how far poverty was a problem in western Europe in the 19th century in the sense it is today in south Asia, what its effects were on the politics of that period, and how the politics and economics of poverty affected the course of development of countries like France and Britain.

Trends in Rural Unemployment in India-An Analysis with Reference to Conceptual and Measurement Problems

An Analysis with Reference to Conceptual and Measurement Problems K N Raj This paper is divided into three parts: first, a review of the concepts and methods proposed for measurement of rural unemployment; second, a brief comment on the available data relating to India; and third, an interpretation of the findings from these data in the light of the institutional changes that have been taking place within the rural sector of the Indian economy.

The Economic Situation

The Economic Situation K N Raj There is little doubt that the economic situation in the country is much better than it was two years ago. The reasons for this are of a very varied nature, including undoubtedly the fear that has been in- stilted into certain categories of traders by the measures taken after the Emergency.

Growth and Stagnation in Indian Industrial Development

Development K N Raj One can discern two striking features of the growth process in the industrial sector. One is the emergence of a significant quantum of unutilised manufacturing capacity; the other is a sharp decline in the rate of growth of industrial output since the middle 1960s. The emergence of unutilised capacity and the decline in the rate of growth of output taken together are clearly a matter for serious concern.

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