ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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National Register of Citizens

Fault lines of the dispute over National Register of Citizens can be traced back to the continuing politics of demography in the history of Assam. Anti-immigrant agitations and violence has been its recurrent feature. The persistent sense of fear of being taken over by immigrants is used to achieve communal polarisation.

Democratic Accountability in Digital India

As the government increasingly seeks to replace manual systems with digital, there are increasing concerns about accountability. The democratic content of the various digital initiatives is examined by subjecting these to the tests of public interest and popular sovereignty.

Collective Rights Management under the Indian Copyright Act

Collective rights management by copyright societies has proven to be a unique policy challenge in India, at least in part due to the inextricable link between popular music and Bollywood movies. The regulatory system has failed to design sufficient incentives for copyright societies to play by the rules in the Copyright Act, enabled large players to capture the licensing market, and failed to provide adjudicatory mechanisms to prevent the exploitation of artists. These problems may be solved by fragmenting of rights monopolies through competition, reviving the Copyright Board, and adopting a system similar to extended collective licensing, a representative licensing system prevalent in several European markets.

Issues in Measurement of Inflation Targeting

The current practice of measuring the inflation rate from fixed base weight index is outdated and likely to overstate inflation substantially compared to the chain weighted index used in developed countries. Similarly, the treatment of house rent allowance revisions to estimate the housing Consumer Price Index also significantly overstates the headline inflation. Economy-wide inflationary expectations also need proper measurement. Inflation-targeting framework without proper measurement of inflation rate can involve very high real costs and make the policy counterproductive.

Did Demonetisation Accelerate Financial Inclusion?

The claim that removing cash would improve financial access for the poor has become a fallback argument for demonetisation, despite notebandi failing to achieve its other objectives. Like many other arguments made for abolishing cash in favour of digital payments, this claim does not stand up to scrutiny.

Quality Issues in the Health Management Information System

The status of the Health Management Information System in Bihar is presented and the reasons affecting the quality of data at different levels, from the health sub-centre to the state level, are examined. The quality of HMIS data is poor because of inadequate primary records, data duplication, and other process errors.

Women’s Participation in Karnataka’s FPOs

Karnataka has evidenced a spurt in the formation and registration of farmer producer organisations in recent times, wherein the participation of women remains relatively low. There is a need for gender-sensitive initiatives to encourage women farmers to join the FPOs and benefit from the emerging agricultural value chains.

The Tragedy of Bridge Management in West Bengal

Recurrent bridge collapses in West Bengal point out to the lack of coordinated institutional arrangements in the governance of bridge infrastructures in the state. Accountability in designing and construction, and supervision and maintenance, which strengthen different tiers of bridge governance system, are missing. Given the dearth of skilled workforce and the physical infrastructure for supervision, bridge maintenance is reduced to patchworks of painting railings and girders, without persistent evaluation of structural health and resultant repair or rehabilitation of infrastructure.

Is MSP a Viable Proposition in Marine Fisheries?

The Kerala government, in response to the demands of the fishing community in the state, introduced a minimum support price for fisherfolk’s catch in April 2018. The viability of such a policy, against the present context of the marine fishery marketing in Kerala, has been analysed, and possible policy alternatives have been highlighted.

Critiquing Narrow Critiques of Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity has brought about a paradigm shift in rights over genetic resources by recognising sovereignty of nations to utilise their own resources. The principles of equity and fairness enshrined in it are some of the key aspects that create a balance of power between technologically advanced countries and biologically rich countries. It is still important for countries with rich biodiversity to exercise control over their genetic resources and associated knowledge, even when there is no commercial interest in the research proposed or undertaken.

In Light of Octavio Paz

Octavio Paz was a major poet and intellectual of the 20th century. He influenced a group of painters and poets in India, where he was the Mexican ambassador in the 1960s.

Demand for Scheduled Tribe Status by Koch-Rajbongshis

In the pre-independence period, the detribalisation process seemed to be a means for tribes to get rid of social exclusion. But, in post-independence India, there have been continuous demands by various communities for retribalisation. In the politics of Assam, the Koch-Rajbongshi community along with five other communities, namely Tai-Ahom, Moran, Matak, Chutia, and Adivasi (Tea-Tribe) is demanding the Scheduled Tribe status. The authenticity of the Koch-Rajbongshi community’s demand is analysed.

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