ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Development Impacts of Migration and Urbanisation

The issues of migration and urbanisation are much debated in development literature, but often their negative consequences compared to positive impacts are highlighted. The conceptual and theoretical dimensions of the relationship between migration, urbanisation and development have been summarised, and their potential and actual impact on development has been presented.

To Kill a Tigress

The killing of Avni, a conflict tigress in Yavatmal, Maharashtra, who was thought to have killed several people, led to a huge controversy. The issue raises questions on the drivers of human–wildlife conflict, the destiny of tigers in a human-inhabited and -modified landscape, and whether tiger reintroductions can happen in such a scenario.

Mormugao Port Modernisation

The proposed modernisation and expansion of the Mormugao Port in Goa has drawn widespread criticism for its failure to seriously assess its environmental impact and lack of thought to sustainability and social costs, while raising questions on the ownership claim over the project area itself. A three-day environmental public hearing recorded the concerns and grievances of the numerous stakeholders and civil society members who stand affected by the proposed project.

Minimum Support Price and Inflation in India

The Monetary Policy Committee of the Reserve Bank of India revised the policy rates upward consecutively for the second time in 2018. While revising the repo rates to 6.5%, the MPC placed the onus on the recently announced minimum support price for agricultural commodities, alleging that it might fi rm up rural demand and drive up the price level in the economy. But is this threat of price spiral due to MSP hike a reality?

Remembering K Raghavendra Rao

K Raghavendra Rao’s death is a loss to the academic community. But the legacy he has left behind of reconstructing the domain of political ideas in the complex cultural milieu of India will be continued meaningfully by his successors.

Are Loan Waivers a Panacea for Rural Distress?

Small and marginal farmers are not the real beneficiaries of loan waivers. In the year following loan waivers, small farmers lose out on three counts: lower access to formal loans, falling agricultural revenue because of higher informal loan costs, and falling agricultural productivity. Instead, supply-side interventions could make a real difference in farmers’ lives as a long-term alternative to loan waivers.

The Citizen Finds a Home

On a fact-finding trip to the Karbi Anglong district of Assam, the authors find that the “crisis of citizenship” is a structural phenomenon rooted in the history of capitalist development and community dynamics in the state. The current political dispensation of establishing the “Hindu” Bengali as the “citizen” is not only a breach of the universal principles of “citizenship,” but also has deeper implications for the unresolved ethnic conflicts in the state.

Portents of Upper-caste Political Mobilisation

In recent times, north and central India has witnessed protests against the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act led by the upper castes. These protests can be seen as part of a larger political consolidation of Brahmins and the upper castes in this region. What are the positions and manoeuvres adopted by major political forces which aid this consolidation?

National Register of Citizens

Fault lines of the dispute over National Register of Citizens can be traced back to the continuing politics of demography in the history of Assam. Anti-immigrant agitations and violence has been its recurrent feature. The persistent sense of fear of being taken over by immigrants is used to achieve communal polarisation.

Democratic Accountability in Digital India

As the government increasingly seeks to replace manual systems with digital, there are increasing concerns about accountability. The democratic content of the various digital initiatives is examined by subjecting these to the tests of public interest and popular sovereignty.

Collective Rights Management under the Indian Copyright Act

Collective rights management by copyright societies has proven to be a unique policy challenge in India, at least in part due to the inextricable link between popular music and Bollywood movies. The regulatory system has failed to design sufficient incentives for copyright societies to play by the rules in the Copyright Act, enabled large players to capture the licensing market, and failed to provide adjudicatory mechanisms to prevent the exploitation of artists. These problems may be solved by fragmenting of rights monopolies through competition, reviving the Copyright Board, and adopting a system similar to extended collective licensing, a representative licensing system prevalent in several European markets.

Issues in Measurement of Inflation Targeting

The current practice of measuring the inflation rate from fixed base weight index is outdated and likely to overstate inflation substantially compared to the chain weighted index used in developed countries. Similarly, the treatment of house rent allowance revisions to estimate the housing Consumer Price Index also significantly overstates the headline inflation. Economy-wide inflationary expectations also need proper measurement. Inflation-targeting framework without proper measurement of inflation rate can involve very high real costs and make the policy counterproductive.

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