ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Myth of Sustainable Development in Mumbai’s Infrastructure Projects

The flip side of the ongoing and proposed infrastructure projects in Mumbai is explored. The concept of sustainable development is juxtaposed with the ramifications these projects have on the environment, and some important ecological questions are raised.

Is Periodic Labour Force Survey, 2017–18 Comparable with Employment–Unemployment Survey, 2011–12?

Towards improving the existing system of collecting data on socio-economic parameters, the National Sample Survey Office introduced the Periodic Labour Force Survey in 2017–18 by replacing its previous quinquennial rounds on the employment–unemployment situation. There has been a significant restructuring of the previously existing questionnaire, survey methodology, and inquiry schedule. The advantages of the new PLFS data are listed, and inputs for further improvements are provided.

Six Months of YSRCP Rule in Andhra Pradesh

The initial period of the Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party rule indicates that the focus of the new chief minister is on rolling out welfare policies, as articulated in the manifesto. Nevertheless, the government is embroiled in controversies over policies pertaining to education, sand mining, and a new capital for the state.

Dalitness and the Idea of Brahmin

Engaging with Suraj Yengde’s book Caste Matters , an attempt has been made to negotiate with the notion of “Dalitness” and the idea of Brahmin, by problematising the relation between the discrete jatis and the political categories. Yengde’s thesis of “Brahmins against Brahminism” is analysed through the idea of Brahmin, which is intrinsically related to the practice of untouchability.

Compensation to Cantonment Boards for Revenue Loss on Account of GST

The introduction of the goods and services tax has resulted in a subsummation of taxes like local body tax, which used to be collected by “local authorities.” Consolidation of tax base under the GST by including various taxes of union, state and local governments resulted in a single tax base. On the consolidated tax base, both union and state governments collect GST concurrently. Since the tax base of LBT is subsumed under the GST, the demand for compensation by the local authorities (including cantonment boards) is justified. Unless there is assignment of new tax handles to local authorities, it is perpetual revenue loss for them.

Cost-effectiveness Threshold and Health Opportunity Cost

With the setting up of the health technology assessment board, evidence from cost-effectiveness analysis will play an important role in decision-making. This raises the fundamental question: How much extra cost per unit of health gained is considered cost-effective? Various approaches for assessing the appropriate cost-effectiveness threshold for India are discussed. A robustly determined opportunity cost of healthcare spending should serve as a proxy for setting up a CET, and it should be used to advocate for greater resources towards achieving universal health coverage.

Telecom Woes in India

The Supreme Court ruling has shaken the telecom sector, putting the future of Vodafone-Idea at a serious risk. But, is this the real issue that ails the sector? The deeper problems in the telecom sector are examined to show why, in the future, the emerging nature of judicial decision-making and rapid changes in the innovation dynamics of this market require a different type of regulatory governance and designs.

Vaunting Rhetoric versus Grim Realities

While the rhetoric of collective responsibility to achieve “ambitious outcomes” in terms of climate action to address the “climate emergency” stands questioned in the 25th Conference of Parties, the grim realities of the inequalities between countries and the evasion of responsibilities and commitments by the developed countries point towards the fundamental role and continued importance of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that remains wider in its scope and broader in its vision than the Paris Agreement. The developed countries are also seeking to manipulate the science–policy interface in an attempt to sideline the equity and climate justice-related perspectives of the developing countries.

Politics of Defections and BJP Strategy in Karnataka

Defection and re-election of the members of the legislative assembly in Karnataka is part of the Bharatiya Janata Party’s larger strategy in the state. This strategy aims to broad-base the party across castes and communities and ensure its autonomy from being dependent on any of them. In the face of this strategy, the Congress has the challenge of defining its social identity.

Debating Metro Car Shed

Activism for sustainable urban development cannot be singularly focused on one public good to the exclusion of others. Framing the conflict over Aarey as one between environment and development or trees and the metro sidelines the issue of making cities livable for the people.

Students’ Struggle against Assault on Public Education

Over the past one month, the students of Jawaharlal Nehru University, with the JNU Teachers’ Association standing in solidarity, have built a mass movement against the proposed hike in hostel charges, as they realise that what is at stake essentially is the very idea of public-funded higher education.

ILO Convention 190

The most important factor in increasing women’s employment is access to safe transport. In India, women often have no choice but to decline job opportunities that are far from home or that do not have proper transport connectivity. Forced immobility of women is a consequence of the violence and insecurity faced daily during the commute to and from work.

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