ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The 10% Quota

The 10% quota for the economically weaker sections completely overturns the original logic of reservations on its head, while misconstruing the EWS category itself. Data suggests that caste remains a critical marker of disadvantage, even amongst the “poor.”

Impasses around Contemporary Hinduism

Hinduism’s structural tension between monotheism and polytheism is examined. The interweaving of polytheism and monotheism could be seen to constitute the more and less oppressive phases of Hinduism’s history. Three contemporary impasses have been examined: B R Ambedkar’s proposals to modernise Hinduism in Annihilation of Caste , Hindutva’s attempts to develop an authoritarian version of Hinduism, and Kancha Ilaiah Shepherd’s Post-Hindu India . A democratic politics needs to work with the contradictory practices that constitute Hinduism.

Many Faces of the Pathalgadi Movement in Jharkhand

The Pathalgadi movement has not only generated a new spate of Adivasi identity assertion around a customary practice, but also questioned the very notion of governmentality and development through the meaningful empowerment of the gram sabha as an alternative agency of village governance. It has emerged as a multifaceted movement that has political, ethnic, and ecological overtones.

Discourse of Doubt

The citizenship crisis in Assam is unfolding through two major mechanisms, namely the National Register of Citizens and the “Doubtful voter” (D-voter). While the NRC has attracted much of the public attention, the process of categorising D-voters is largely functioning in a silent manner and has caused unprecedented damage to the lives and livelihoods of millions of marginalised people of the state. The D-voter is a political tool solely based on baseless doubts and is used by the government to deprive lakhs of marginalised people of a series of constitutional, political and social rights, including the right to vote.

The Structurally Flawed GST

The inherent flaws in the design of India’s goods and services tax are identified, which make its implementation inefficient. Can an ad valorem GST levied at the final stage of production solve the problem?

The Majoritarian Challenge and an Ambedkarite Remedy

The greatest weakness of Indian electoral politics, as practised within the Westminster model adopted at independence, is the reward it offers for the politics of exclusion. Several reforms are possible in the electoral system to ensure that the politics of polarisation is not advantageous. If India is not to become a republic of privilege where many are denied basic rights, this aspect must be addressed.

Sinai–Palestine Campaigns, 1915–18

In a bid to secure its control over the Indian subcontinent, the British empire left no stone unturned in maintaining its stronghold over the various routes leading to India. The war in Sinai and Palestine was a result of this compulsion, to prevent Germany and the Ottoman empire from gaining access to the Suez region, which was a gateway to India and the East. Diplomatic maneouvres in Saudi Arabia and the Zionist movement were also tactical moves undertaken with the aim of securing Britain’s prized Indian territories.

Estimating Public Spending on Health

The use of information on withdrawals by Drawing and Disbursing Officers for improving the estimates of public spending for National Health Accounts in India is illustrated. Using information from Karnataka and Rajasthan, the study highlights the advantages of combining DDO-level information with budgetary data. The significant benefits of using DDO-level information in India have implications for better estimates of public spending and health policy design.

The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution

The Fifth Schedule was intended by the founding fathers of the Constitution as an innovative device for promoting the welfare and advancement of Scheduled Tribes and the administration of scheduled areas. It confers uncommon powers for governance in scheduled areas, on the governor of a state having scheduled areas. In practice, however, the extraordinary legislative and executive gubernatorial powers have hardly been deployed despite the recommendations of various panels. It is felt that with some key reforms, the Fifth Schedule can be transformed into a purposeful instrument for the upliftment of STs.

Land Is Not Soap

The intersecting curves of demand and supply on a graph of price against quantity are widely used to understand the market for every kind of commodity. The argument here is that it is incorrect to use these curves when trying to understand or explain the market for land.

Testing Times

The effects of a standardised testing policy in elementary education—the Standards of Learning followed by Virginia in the United States—on heterogeneous social groups are examined, and also how test results are heavily affected by such groups and their norms. Interviews with teachers at James River Elementary School are used and secondary data from the Virginia Department of Education is analysed.

What Drives Annual Agricultural Growth Rates in India?

In India, the agricultural growth rate is linked to rainfall, and medium-term growth to technology adoption, policy frameworks, and institutional interventions. But, growth in a year may be poor as much due to the good monsoon or abnormally wet conditions in the previous year as the poor monsoon during that year, or it may be high due as much to the poor monsoon in the previous year as to a good monsoon of the year or to policy reforms. As the rainfall fluctuates annually, medium-term growth rates should be assessed; the annual rainfall in the base year should be close to normal.

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