ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Environmental Forecasting and Corporate Planning

This paper deals with the application of management science techniques to corporate planning problems. It is based upon forecasting and planning activities in Esso Petroleum Company of UK.

Management Reporting System in Public Undertakings

in Public Undertakings parting system for public undertakings, we would have to clearly identify the managerial hierarchy and the objectives of public undertakings. Admittedly, a great deal has been written on both these subjects, much of which appears to be coloured by political and economic biases. If we accept the definition that management involves -essentially the process of relating resources to objectives for producing the desired result, clearly, all persons who have decision-making authority in terms of all the three variables, i c, resources, objectives and the operations carried on for achieving the desired goals, would be 'managers' for purposes of the proposed system.

Price and Production Policy

B A Hathikhanawala Assuming that 18 per cent of total costs are fixed, raising of capacity utilisation from 50 to 100 per cent can reduce prices by 10 per cent, increase corporate profits by 70 per cent and tax revenues by 80 per cent.

Taxation of Agriculture-Some Important Issues

The first issue which needs to be debated is whether the agricultural sector is in fact comparatively less taxed than other sectors. The next question, once this issue is settled, is io devise measures which would be administratively feasible, efficient and equitable.

The Agricultural Labour Problem-Past Misconceptions and New Guidelines

The acute pressure of population and the adverse effects of tenurial and tenancy systems have led to much uneconomic subdivision and fragmentation Of holdings. Many landlords have, besides, reduced their erstwhile tenants to the status of farm labourers in order to circumvent certain provisions of the land reform laws.

Weather Service for Agriculture

The salient features of a comprehensive weather service for agriculture should be (i) keeping constantly in touch with user requirements; (ii) rapid and efficient dissemination facilities ; (iii) interpretation of the forecasts to meet the specific operational needs of farmers; and (iv) intensive research for evolving improved techniques and for better understanding of crop-weather relationships.

New Concepts in Irrigation-Necessary Changes for New Strategy

With the introduction of the high-yielding varieties, water management in crop cultivation has assumed a new dimension. It is not merely that timely and adequate supply of water is required, but that a con- ceptual change has to be accepted regarding the factors determining the water needs of plants.

The New Agricultural Strategy-Its Contribution to 1967-68 Production

Review of Agriculture March 1969 ever, is : whether the assorted variety of opportunistic political groupings called united fronts and other Governments that rule the States will ever agree to dilute their powers in the manner suggested by Krishnaswamy, Only a bright optimist will answer this question in the affirmative. Another suggestion of Krishnaswamy relates to the creation of river boards (on the Jines of TVA in the USA) for each one of the major rivers and the linking of major rivers into a water grid. These river boards will be inter-State authorities and would not in any way interfere with the zonal councils. While, in matter of principle, I completely agree with Krishnaswamy's view of river development, none-the-less the accomplishments of DVC, for instance, have not been very satisfactory until now. The last essay "Regulating the Mar- SOMETHING fundamental and dynamic, with far-reaching consequences, has been introduced into the agricultural scene since 1965. However, there were previous periods, such as the end of the First Five-Year Plan, when optimism was similarly widespread. With this history in mind, the first rushes of enthusiasm regarding the New Strategy of Agricultural Development have more recently been tempered with caution. Some analysts are questioning the success of the high-yielding varieties programme at this early date [1, p A-l]. For example, the Agricultural Prices Commission has written :

From Protective to Productive Irrigation

Review of Agriculture March 1969 to meet the management needs of the new materials. Foremost among these is fertiliser. Without nutrient supplies there is no possibility for the farmer to innovate, and there will be no return on the public investment in rice research. The crucial need is for supplies of adequate quantities of the correct formulations to be available when needed at a market convenient to the cultivator. A combination of circumstances that still seems to elude the power of administration to effect.

From Unsteady Infancy to Vigorous Adolescence-Rice Development

A review of the experience with the HYVP thrust for greater rice production strongly suggests that in spite of some drawbacks, farmers have responded well to the production opportunities opened up by the new dwarf plant types.

New Agricultural Strategy and Small Farmers-A Case Study in Gujarat

Review of Agriculture March 1969 Notes 1 For a fuller discussion of the implication of labour productivity in the agricultural sector for a wages policy, see D R Khatkhate : "towards a Meaningful Wages Policy", 2 Agricultural Labourers in Four Indian Villages (mimeographed), edited by V S Vyas, Sardar Vallabhbhai Vidyapeeth, Vallabh Vidyanagar, 1964 3 "Plight of the Landless : Two Million Victims of Paralysis". Times of India, December 30, 1968.

Passing Pleasure

Sore Tail, Sick Elephant B S Minhas New Strategy and 1967-68 Harvest Ralph W Cummings Jr, S K Ray Rice Development W David Hopper, Wayne H Freeman Productive Irrigation J S Kanwar Irrigation: New Concepts N G Oastane Weather Service R Ananthakrishnan Identifying the Small Farmer S S Madalgi Agricultural Labour H B Shivamaggi Small Farmer in Gujarat V =S Vyas, D S Tyagi, V N Misra Resources from Rural Sector C H Hanumantha Rao Taxation of Agriculture P D Ojha Buffer Stocks M L Dantwala Passing Pleasure THERE is something bordering on religious fervour in the opposition to tne imposts on agriculture in the Budget. It is taken to be self-evident that the agriculturist

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