ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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'New Landlords'

Providing evidence that more than 90% of those whom R Vijay construes as "new landlords" are really owners of marginal and smallholdings of land, this article argues that it is important to distinguish classes on the basis of surplus and insufficient means of subsistence to understand the displacement of cultivators to the non-farm sector. It further argues that a rise in non-cultivating landed households and declining tenancy is not a paradox, but consistent with the trends in agriculture that eliminate marginal cultivators.

Whatever Has Happened to Caste in West Bengal?

Taking the discussion in EPW on caste in West Bengal further, a comment on the mobilisation and autonomy of the lower-caste movement post-Partition, the reduced scope for the lower castes to develop a hegemonic politics or strategy, and the importance of a bahujan samaj in this context.

Revisiting the Question of the Kashmiri Pandits

Failing to acknowledge the painful experiences of the other and continued resentment have led to poisonous confrontations and virulent debates between the Kashmiri Pandits and Kashmiri Muslims regarding the "exodus" of the former and the ensuing violence infl icted on the latter. Two parallel narratives have developed over the course of time, leaving a dismal gap between the two communities. The process of reconciliation between them and with the state is a challenge to be dealt with at many levels. A continuation of the discussion following Anuradha Bhasin Jamwal's review (EPW, 27 April 2013) of Rahul Pandita's book, Our Moon Has Blood Clots.

Myths and Realities of Child Nutrition

In his article Arvind Panagariya argues that (a) the prevailing narrative of child malnutrition being worse in India “than nearly all Sub-Saharan African countries with lower per capita incomes” is false, (b) that this notion is an “artefact of a faulty methodology”, and (c) that the nutrition...

Stunting among Children

Indian children are very short, on average, compared with children living in other countries. Because height reflects early life health and net nutrition, and because good early life health also helps brains to grow and capabilities to develop, widespread growth faltering is a human development...

Methodologically Deficient, Ignorant of Prior Research

Are Indian statistics on the extent of under-nutrition exaggerated and based on faulty yardsticks? Is there a case for moving away from the World Health Organisation standards? Can "genetics" really explain the low heights and weights among Indian children? Is it a puzzle and does it say something about the Indian estimates that Sub-Saharan Africa shows lower levels of under-nutrition than India though the former suffers from higher infant mortality? A set of six articles addresses these and many other questions in the light of the arguments presented in the paper "Does India Really Suffer from Worse Child Malnutrition Than Sub-Saharan Africa?" by Arvind Panagariya (EPW, 4 May 2013). The articles also critically comment on the methodology, analysis and findings of the paper.

Reconstructing Facts in Bt Cotton

The case that the "triumph narrative" of Bt cotton in India comes mainly from economists, the biotech industry and their academic allies is a difficult one to sustain when dozens of studies show the positive effects of insect resistance in Bt cotton. Yields are driven by numerous factors, and there will be variance - field-to-field, season-to-season. Despite this, Bt cotton has been agro-economically successful because of the lower cost of production per unit and thus higher net returns - facts that are consistent with the near universal adoption of Bt technology by farmers.

Bt Cotton Yields and Performance

This article rebuts the argument that shortcomings in Bt cotton studies and divergence between yield gains and extent of adoption of Bt hybrids make it impossible to conclusively say anything about the impact of genetically modifi ed seeds. Further, it points out that there have been numerous studies that have controlled for selection and cultivation bias, and concluded that Bt cotton has had statistically significant positive yield effects.

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