ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Decoding the Three Pandemic Budgets

Despite substantial socio-economic disparities in health, education, and nutrition outcomes, the government is pitching human development expenditure against capital expenditure. In a welfare state, social sector should be the centre of policy prescriptions. Instead of an imperfect assumption of trickle-down, the the government needs to realise that growth and development must go hand in hand.

Understanding Cooperatives as Social Enterprises

The term “social enterprises” refers to a wide range of institutions that lie between not-for-profit and for-profit organisations. They are driven by social missions. This article treats cooperatives as an effective model of social entrepreneurship for development in rural areas. It also examines the significance of cooperatives for the developmental process. Additionally, it compares the modes of operation of private firms and cooperatives. It also develops the criteria for measuring the economic performance of social enterprises and concludes that profitability should not be the sole criterion for judging the performance of cooperatives.

The Welfarist Prime Minister: Explaining the National-State Election Gap

This article seeks to understand the puzzling disjuncture between the Bharatiya Janata Party’s sweeping electoral success in recent national elections and its lacklustre performance in state elections. I suggest that this phenomenon is a result of centralisation in welfare delivery, which leads to greater attribution of welfare benefits for the Prime Minister. In turn, state chief ministers who have built their reputation on welfare delivery, many of whom are in the Bharatiya Janata Party or allied with it, have been adversely impacted. The consequences for current and future patterns of state politics are described.

Odisha’s Transformation under the Naveen Patnaik Regime

A recent national survey on governance and performance in the pandemic times, has ranked Odisha’s Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at the top in the popularity index among his counterparts. Taking over the battered, backward state in the aftermath of the 1999 supercyclone, Patnaik has transformed Odisha by erecting and ensuring a people-centric governance model. This welfare model has not only prepared Odisha to confront any disaster, including the current pandemic, but also improved governance in the state.

Fall of Market Democracy in Europe

With the exit of Britain from the European Union, this ambitious supranational project now faces a seemingly intractable political crisis and a debate has ensued over the legitimacy of the union as a whole. As the sovereign debt crisis unfolded in Europe, neo-liberal economists and politicians offered to solve the problem by cutting back spending. But, advocating cutbacks according to the principles of market democracy created further political and constitutional risks in Europe.

Welfare State through a Haze

Postmodern Welfare: Reconstructing an Emancipatory Project by Peter Leonard; Sage Publications, London, 1997; pp xvi + 187, £ 37.50 (cloth), £ 12.95 (paper)
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