ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

WelfareSubscribe to Welfare

Plantation Workers and the OSHWC Code, 2020

Welfare provisions for plantation workers in the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 are subject to how respective state governments frame rules and can have wide variations too. A basic standard template from the central government would have been better, preventing wide variations, as well as ensuring a basic threshold. Further, there is a need to recognise the use of technology in ensuring better occupational safety and health outcomes.

Union Budget 2021–22: Is Capital Expenditure Enough for an Economic Recovery?

The Union Budget 2021–22 seems to be relying on capital investment-led growth for an economic recovery. But such an approach neglects those sections of the public that were the worst-hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Tax Payment as a Social Responsibility

Firms can avoid taxes legally, even though it is well understood that tax payment is a fundamental and measurable behaviour towards society. In this paper, we elucidate such legal provisions in the Indian tax law and analyse tax payments with corporate social responsibility spending and find that firms spending more on CSR pay lower taxes. By employing fixed effects and quantile regression models to ascertain the impact of firm size on the effective tax rate using panel data for 1995–2017, we find that large firms’ effective tax rates are lower as compared to small firms. Moreover, the effective tax rate decreases with firm size. Large firms adopt more tax-aggressive policies and use various tax incentives to minimise their tax liability.

Data Societies 2020: Demanding Accountability and Transparency from the State

A series of panel discussions titled Data Societies, organised by Economic and Political Weekly and the School of Media and Cultural Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, was held in Mumbai on 7 February 2020. This article summarises a few key points from the second panel discussion.

Aadhaar Failures: A Tragedy of Errors

Several instances of practical difficulties that people across India have faced in accessing welfare schemes show the magnitude of the problems inherent in the Aadhaar project.

The Problem with 'Targeting'

In its zeal to achieve numerical goals, the government is jeopardising the efficacy of welfare schemes.

An Informalised Labour System

The textile mill closures in Ahmedabad cost over 1,00,000 jobs, and resulted in the informalisation of a vast majority of the sacked workers. Gujarat can thus be understood as an experiment for trying out what will happen to state and society under a policy regime that does not attempt to harness the most brutal consequences of a market-led mode of capitalist protection. The total eclipse of Gandhian values has also led to the shrinking of the social space needed for humanising economic growth.

Continued Ambiguity on GMOs

Despite the easing of trade embargoes and the increasing cultivation of transgenic crops, India still needs to clarify its stand on genetically modified foods and their import. Besides setting in place a regulatory system, it is necessary to inculcate awareness among the numerous agencies involved in the task.
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