ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Uttar PradeshSubscribe to Uttar Pradesh

Power Sector in Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh State Electricity Board's poor financial condition and growing power shortages called for radical reforms of the state's power industry. However, this analysis shows that the reforms model being implemented is based on incomplete diagnosis of the Board's past problems. High cost of power purchase, arbitrary depreciation norms, misrepresentation of agriculture consumption and over-reporting of impact of subsidy, were as important reasons as poor maintenance, poor productivity, high T and D losses, poor billing efficiency and high subsidy to agriculture, in affecting financial performance of the Board. Besides lack of recognition of the former set of causes, the reforms process is ridden with other major pitfalls like sabotage-prone gaps in the proposed model and ad hoc handling of its implementation. The proposed reforms model appears to have been conceived out of desperation to escape from financial burden imposed by past mistakes, rather than out of a conscious reorientation of past policies, structures and systems in keeping with international changes in technological and competitive environment.

NDA: Electoral Performance and Future Strategies

The BJP finds itself in a serious bind as the UP elections approach. Should it take up the temple issue, as advocated by certain hardcore elements, it might risk losing the support of key allies at the centre. On the other hand, for the BJP to win the elections on its own looks increasingly onerous.

UP on the Financial Brink

With the lowest ratio, among all the states, of per capita tax revenue to per capita income, successive state governments in UP have relied on the soft option of borrowing. Interest payments, establishment and pensions together with debt repayment account for over 70 per cent of total government expenditure. Not surprisingly, it has been necessary to effect a cut in expenditure on economic services in the government's budget for 2001-2002.

Social Capital, Panchayats and Grass Roots Democracy

A study of the new panchayats of UP provides an opportunity for understanding the role played by social capital in the functioning of democratic institutions in segmented societies. A key finding of the study in two districts of UP, Meerut and Azamgarh, is that segmentation arising out of caste/class divisions is a significant contextual variable in determining the development of trust, social capital between groups and democratic functioning.

UP Urban Civic Polls

The results of the urban civic polls in UP in last November offer several pointers to political trends in the state, significant in the context of the coming elections to the state assembly.

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