ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Uttar Pradesh

Understanding High Mortality among Private Facility Births in Rural Uttar Pradesh

In the last 15 years, there has been a large increase in facility births and a large decline in home births across India. In Uttar Pradesh, increases in facility birth have led to puzzlingly little decline in neonatal mortality. This paper investigates the role of private facilities in providing care at birth to rural residents of UP. Approximately one in five births of rural UP residents takes place in a private facility. These births experience a stunningly high neonatal mortality rate of 53 deaths per 1,000, compared to 32 among births in public facilities, and 40 among home births. This research seeks to understand why mortality rates are higher in private facilities than public facilities.

Women’s Farm Employment, Decision-making and Sources of Irrigation

Irrigation is one of the chief determinants of crop yields and sustainable agriculture. However, two surveys conducted among farmers and women in two regions of Uttar Pradesh highlight how irrigation sources impact women’s lives. The results reveal that the expansion of less important/used irrigation sources and water purchase have a positive impact on women’s participation in economic activities and empowerment. Thus, policies can be designed to improve the lesser-used irrigation sources, which, in turn, can contribute to women’s empowerment.

What Explains the Decline in Infant Mortality in Demographically Underdeveloped States in India?

Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have the highest infant mortality rate both in NFHS-3 (2005–06) and NFHS-4 (2015–16); but there has been a noticeable decline in IMRs in both the states during 2005–06 and 2015–16. The study endeavours to explore the factors that explain the decline in infant mortality in these two states. Findings from multiple regression and decomposition analysis attribute low birth weight, age of the mother at birth, mother’s educational attainment, mother’s use of cooking fuel and wealth status as the major contributing factors for the decline in infant mortality between NFHS-3 and NFHS-4.

Unfolding the Employment Story in Uttar Pradesh

The article examines labour market changes in Uttar Pradesh and fi nds a deeper employment crisis in the state. The analysis shows a sharp decline in workforce participation and an increase in unemployment levels across all age groups and education levels after 2011–12. Employment decline was particularly high among the youth and the most educated. Female workforce participation hit a historic low in 2018–19.

Impact of Public Debt on the Economic Growth of Subnational Economies in India

This study examines both the short- and long-run impact of public debt on the economic growth of Uttar Pradesh during the post-reform period of 30 years by employing the vector error correction model. The empirical analysis revealed that the increase in public debt-to-gross state domestic product ratio and interest payments burden would have an adverse impact on the long-run economic growth of UP, while having no significant impact on the short-run growth. It is also notable that the effective interest rate has negatively correlated with the gross capital formation in UP, and the latter has shown significant positive long-run association with the economic growth. In order to attract investments and economic growth, the state Government of UP should continue a countercyclical fiscal stance that would help in adhering to fiscal sustainability rules by smoothing out the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic.