ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By University

Professional Development of Higher Education Faculty in India

Professional development of faculty of higher education in India started formally with the establishment of academic staff colleges in 1986. Since the last three decades, this domain has undergone several changes in its format, objectives and content, but has not developed into a robust and professional area with deep research foundations. A critical look at the decisions taken by the Ministry of Human Resource Development and the University Grants Commission reveals the reasons behind the current chaotic scenario. Policy changes, and the establishment and enrichment of dedicated nodal centres of faculty development, are essential to address the pressing concerns.

 

Academic Administration and Academic Freedom

Programmatic freedom of faculty and researchers is fundamental to creation of knowledge, as everything has to be open to question and scepticism. The universities and academic institutions are established as autonomous institutions to ensure academic freedom. However, it is observed that the autonomy of academic institutions tends to result in centralisation of power in the hands of institutional heads, and is misappropriated to curtail programmatic autonomy of individual academics. The recent penal measures taken against some faculty members of the Kerala Agricultural University are analysed against this backdrop.

Tumultuous Journey of the University of the Punjab

The first three Indian universities—at Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras—were set up in 1857, inaugurating the Indian higher education system. The University of the Punjab was the fourth Indian university, which was set up at Lahore, the capital of undivided Punjab, in 1882. After India’s partition in 1947, this was the only Indian university that was split up into two. One part continued at Lahore while the other shifted to a new campus in Chandigarh. The story of this journey of the university through the tumultuous years of partition is both fascinating and painful.