ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Technology Diffusion and Competition in the Smartphone Industry

The fastest-growing technologically competitive industry, which was first revolutionised by Apple and later by Google’s Android platform is looked at. The credit for the growing competitiveness in this industry goes largely to the Android platform as it opened markets for existing, new, and low-cost manufacturers. This area of research is noteworthy, given the growing competitiveness, as it reflects the firms’ action in this industry associated with development that can provide a relative advantage for capturing the market share. The purpose of this article is to show how the technology diffusion leads to change in the market structure and strengthening of competition under incomplete market information.

‘Piloting’ Gender in the Indian Railways

Women loco-pilots in the Indian Railways, although few in number, face unique challenges as they negotiate with masculine forms of labour and technology in a male-dominated work environment. While, theoretically, they are treated at par with their male counterparts, new hierarchies are created on the job when they are expected to aspire to “masculine” standards of performance and discouraged from taking up the full range of tasks designated for loco-pilots. Thus, the entry of women in loco-piloting seems to reinforce its appearance as a masculine profession, and neither is the gendered nature of the system questioned, nor is it actively challenged.

Data Societies 2020: Demanding Accountability and Transparency from the State

A series of panel discussions titled Data Societies, organised by Economic and Political Weekly and the School of Media and Cultural Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, was held in Mumbai on 7 February 2020. This article summarises a few key points from the second panel discussion.

Have Uber and Ola Met Promises Made to Drivers and Commuters?

Workers' calls for governmental regulation on minimum wages and social security provisions for drivers continue to be sidestepped by Ola, Uber and other taxi aggregators.

Technologies to Alleviate Pollution

Technologies are believed to be problem-solving. However, this may not always be true, especially in terms of their influence on the environment. The emphasis on purification technologies to solve issues arising due to environmental pollution raises the question as to whether short-term solutions, like air and water purifiers, can result in salvaging the health of people and the environment.

What Is Happening to India’s R&D Funding?

India’s science and technology policies advocate increased investment in research and development. However, in 2017–18, the tax incentive for company expenditure on R&D was reduced. This is likely to have major ramifications for R&D at a time when India’s domestic research effort is already in decline.

Science and the Scientist in a Changing Climate

Is sustainability an idea, a science, a philosophy or a way of life? The premise of this article is that sustainability is all of these and more. Furthermore, science and technology of both today and the future must be re-visioned to understand and enable sustainability.

IITs and the Project of Indian Democracy

Technological education in India has privileged the demands of the market and industry, while ignoring the demands of democracy to create an egalitarian society. The engineer is trained to "make" and "innovate" for a growing economy without understanding the social processes that produce certain "demands" in the first place, or considering how goods manufactured are to be distributed fairly in an unequal society. To make a successful journey from passive suppliers of technology to thought leaders on the question of India's development, the Indian Institutes of Technology must respond to the dominant discourse on development and articulate paradigmatic ideas on what development ought to be for India's democratic project.

Questions on the Technologies of Fascism

The phenomenal rise to power of Narendra Modi illustrates how his image—mediated by technology—was shaped and reshaped. Some facets of Modi’s fashioned persona are scrutinised in the article. The internet, particularly the social media, which was expected to revitalise the public sphere to bring about a new civic culture, has instead allowed for the selective return of the “written word” in support of fascist ideology. The cyberspace, along with the mass media, has enabled the coming together of many virtual “participants” to hurl masculinist abuse and silence their opponents.

Drought Impact and Vision for Proofing

There is an urgent need to fine-tune drought relief policies, besides making their implementation time-efficient, depoliticised and accountable. Improving the government's total expenditure on agricultural programmes will not only hold up the sector's performance in the event of a monsoon failure, but will also boost its contribution to economic growth and poverty alleviation.

Technological Innovations in Small Enterprises

The level of development of a region in terms of educational and technological infrastructure influences the internal and external factors contributing to technological innovations of enterprises. This paper reports a comparative study probing the nature and dimensions of technological innovations carried out by small engineering enterprises in north-east England and in the Bangalore urban district. The pattern of technological innovations in the two regions, the similarities and dissimilarities are analysed.

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