ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Tamil NaduSubscribe to Tamil Nadu

Blurred Boundaries

This paper critically analyses the politics of claim-making, vis-à-vis, the Forest Rights Act by illustrating how three distinct political actors in Gudalur, Tamil Nadu, have used the FRA. In this analysis the law has not been taken as an immutable category, but rather as a political instrument that various groups use to assert their identities and political imaginaries. In doing so, these imaginaries invoke unique histories and reference multiple "genealogies of belonging." By highlighting the multiple uses and interpretations of the FRA in Gudalur, this study opens up space for a discussion around some larger concerns implicated within issues of forests, rights and conservation, particularly, the limits of seeing Adivasis as the only authentic traditional forest-dwellers by highlighting the blurred boundaries between various categories--Adivasi and non-Adivasi, forest and non-forest, legality and illegality. It is in these liminal spaces, where boundaries are blurred, this study offers an analysis informed by the analytic of governmentality to argue that local actors exercise agency in either taking on or resisting environmental subjectivities framed by the FRA.

Third Gender and the Crisis of Citizenship

Why do transgender persons migrate to Tamil Nadu from Kerala despite the latter having high development indicators? A comparative study looks at the experience of the transgender community and their citizenship rights.

Caste Discrimination in Relief

A fact finding committee on the impact of floods and relief work in Viluppuram and Cuddalore district in Tamil Nadu finds that Dalits are discriminated against when it comes to distribution of relief material and allocation of funds.

Drinking Water in Kanyakumari

The example of Kanyakumari district in Tamil Nadu shows that the provision of safe drinking water still remains an unachieved goal, especially in rural areas, with the most severe adverse effects on the health and development of the rural poor. However, India utilises only half of the available surface and groundwater. Augmentation of availability and control of water pollution are necessary to meet the drinking water needs of rural areas.

Hybrid Rice in Bangladesh

The government of Bangladesh permitted four private seed companies to import seeds of rice hybrids for the 1998-99 boro season to make up the shortage of rice seeds after the floods in the 1998 aman (monsoon season rice) season, since there were no locally bred rice hybrids This paper primarily evaluates the farm-level performance of imported rice hybrids, based on representative sample farmers who grew hybrids during the 1999 boro season. The study findings support the view that hybrids were introduced in Bangladesh without a clear deployment strategy and without scientific evaluation of new rice hybrids under farmers' conditions before importing seeds.

Hybrid Rice in Tamil Nadu

Nine years after release of the first rice hybrid, its adoption rate in Tamil Nadu was found to be too meagre and scattered to measure its impact. The present study aimed at documenting farm-level insights into why hybrid rice has not made a dent on the rice sector in Tamil Nadu. Results show that there was not much progress made over the past decade in terms of developing farmer-acceptable rice hybrids and achieving the higher yield gains through hybrid rice under farmers' field condition in Tamil Nadu.

Cauvery Dispute:A Dialogue between Farmers

As a civil society initiative to promote understanding among the people of the contending states and find an agreed solution to the Cauvery dispute, two meetings were organised in Chennai and Bangalore primarily of farmers from the two principal contending states. Both meetings were marked by a fraternal, harmonious and constructive spirit and a committee of farmers supported by a few advisers and facilitators has been set up. While it will be foolish to imagine that the long-festering dispute can be easily resolved, the positive approach displayed in the two meetings was encouraging and a cautious optimism seems warranted.

Public Sector Textile Mills

A review of the productivity performance of the National Textile Corporation in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry presents a disturbing picture of poor capacity utilisation, outdated technology and machinery, poor maintenance and excess humanpower. The situation calls for drastic restructuring to improve the economic viability of the Corporation

Lawyers' Agitation in Tamil Nadu

The lawyers' agitation in Tamil Nadu against the ordinance hiking court fees and the state government's eventual climbdown suspending it raises several issues on the citizens' right to access the justice system.

Tamil Nadu: Leather Processing: Role of Indigenous Technology

This article discusses a study of leather artisans in Tamil Nadu, which accounts for the lion's share of leather-processing in India. It looks at the effects of export-oriented growth, use of chemicals in tanning and the sidelining of the age-old local knowledge, on the survival of small village-based leather-processing units.

Work, Caste and Competing Masculinities

Notions and practices of masculinity are often reconfigured in the wake of rapid economic and socio-political transformation. This paper explores this aspect in a south Indian village across two dimensions. Changes in local economy have seen challenges posed to the long dominant position of the upper caste mudaliars based on their control on land, over the dalits. On the other hand, the entry of large numbers of women into the industrial work-force has played its part in modifying the relationship between caste, class and gender.

Labour, Market Linkages and Gender

This paper, through a study conducted in a village in Tamil Nadu, analyses the labour-use patterns and determinants of labour absorption in a mixed farming system. It looks at the inter-relationship between agriculture, labour and market linkages in terms of skills and wages. The strong role of hired women labour in agriculture, cropping patterns and market linkages have been given a gender perspective. The impact of the employment on the intra-household power relationship has also been discussed.

Pages

Back to Top