ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Tamil Nadu

Continuing Caste Atrocities in Southern Tamil Nadu

In the erstwhile Tirunelveli district, inclusive of the present Thoothukudi and Tenkasi districts, the year 1995 was a watershed one for the strong assertion of Dalits. In this article, the issues that emerged in the wake of the 1995 caste conflagration and the solutions offered at various academic forums are discussed in light of the recent appointment of a commission headed by retired Justice K Chandru by the Government of Tamil Nadu.

Cash and Wages

The recent cash assistance scheme called the Kalaignar Magalir Urimai Thogai for eligible female household heads, announced by the Tamil Nadu government, is a significant policy intervention aimed at further strengthening women’s agency. Some of the implementation challenges that the scheme is likely to face are discussed while categorising the female beneficiaries within the households. The estimates from the Tamil Nadu Household Panel Survey’s Pre-Baseline Survey, 201819 are used to bring out the representativeness of the female population within the households. An equal amount of state investment in other aspects of gender inequality is called for.

Modern Challenges to the Dravidian Movement: The Question of Access and Quality of Higher Education in Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu has one the highest gross enrolment ratio in higher education among major states in India at 51.4%. These impressive numbers can be traced to multiple schemes of successive Dravidian governments that placed a firm emphasis on caste-based social justice, while also focusing on economic development and mobility. However, the abject quality of higher education institutions in Tamil Nadu casts a serious shadow on the legacy of the Dravidian Movement. Increased privatisation, low employability of graduates, and poor quality of higher education institutions (HEIs) further exacerbate wage disparities and income inequalities, taking away the benefits of caste-based reservations, among other legacies of the Dravidian movement. This article analyses the shortcomings of the higher education model in Tamil Nadu and shows how increased access to higher education does little to acknowledge the socio-economic processes of caste in Tamil Nadu.

What Transforms?

A review of the book, Rule of the Commoner: DMK and the Formations of the Political in Tamil Nadu, 1949–67 (2022), by Rupa Viswanath was published in EPW (1 April 2023). The authors wish to respond to the review by presenting some of the core issues that this book is concerned with, to enable a larger discussion of electoral democracy in India.

Sustainability and Threshold Value of Public Debt in Tamil Nadu

The sustainability and the threshold level of public debt in Tamil Nadu is examined using the modern time series methods and threshold regression method. The results suggest that the current level of debt in the state is unsustainable, and the debt sustainability threshold is about 18.5%, which is slightly lower than the 20% norm set by the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management review committee for states. The state should control its debt as it is currently not growth-inducing. The simulation exercise based on the debt dynamics of the state suggests that the state economy should grow at 14% and fiscal deficit target should be 2% from 2023–24 onwards to attain the debt sustainability target in 2035–36 and with 16% growth the state could reach the target in 2030–31. The relevant policy strategy for the state is to increase its own revenue–GSDP ratio by 0.75% and contain its revenue expenditures by 0.75% from 2023–24.