ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sustainability: A Pressing Priority for Sustainable Development Goal-13

The Earth is a place where humans interact with living and non-living entities to live peacefully. If it is compromised in order to satisfy our own demands, the ecosystem may become unbalanced, which would put an end to human existence. Everyone is aware of the existence of climate change, but climate action policies need to view the problem from the lenses of both the affluent and the poor. According to one viewpoint, persons who rely on luxury goods may choose to deplete the ecosystem. But those who rely on it for basic needs are left with little to no choice. The unsettling fact is that only a small portion of the population benefits from society's overall prosperity, leaving the majority in poverty. Therefore, achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 requires a comprehensive strategy, especially in light of the fact that it is organically linked to other SDGs and cannot be done in isolation.

The NFHS Data on Women’s Landownership

The National Family Health Survey collects data on landownership by gender through a woman’s questionnaire and a household questionnaire. The WQ figures were found to be highly inflated and showing contrary regional patterns and serious inconsistencies. In contrast, the HHQ figures appear reliable but need extraction and are not published. The NFHS should extract and publish
these for analysis.

E-Waste Management in India

According to the Crimes in India volume of the National Crime Records Bureau for 2021, there are a total of 59,220 cases that have been reported under environmental pollution acts. However, the E-Waste (Management and Handling) Rules of 2010 are only preventive in nature. We examine the legal process for managing e-waste and the necessity to make it more stringent.

Atmanirbharta in Statistics and the Thrust on ‘Make in India’

International agencies usually make country comparisons based on statistical indicators founded on globally accepted concepts and definitions. The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister has questioned the adoption of international standards in three key sectors and has suggested developing standards that produce statistical indicators in tune with the national narrative. This is unlikely to help the country’s statistical system. 

The Widening Digital Divide

Sharp disparities in the diffusion of digital skills have emerged as a major concern.

Fulfilling the Sustainable Development Nutrition Targets

The study reveals that Bihar will miss the nutrition-related target of SDG-2 by 2030 based on the NFHS-3, NFHS-4, and NFHS-5 data. District-level planning is needed to design nutrition-specifi c programmes and control malnutrition at an early stage, according to the fi ndings.

Inter-industry Wage Differentials in Indian Manufacturing

From a labour perspective, wage rates are reflective of the market demand for different skills and the institutional structures. Also, wage rate is a better measure of the well-being of workers solely dependent on wage income. This paper notes persistent regularity in industry-level wage rates confirming the absence of a convergence behaviour. The stability of industry-level wage rates brings industrial reforms under the scanner for their implications on worker welfare. Wage convergence could be inhibited by the inter-industry movement of workers.

Dynamics of Government Budgets, Growth, and Welfare

The report of NITI Aayog titled “SDG India: Index and Dashboard 2020–21: Partnerships in the Decade of Action,” vividly portrays poorer states that lag behind the advanced states in the achievement of the sustainable development goals. This paper, which explores what hinders the effort of the poorer states in accessing resources from the centre and in reaching out to the poor, demonstrates that poorer states in India lag behind the less poor states in the implementation of development programmes, despite the fact that such programmes are conceived to offer opportunities to the poorer states to use central resources to augment their economic capacity in fighting deprivation and destitution. It also builds a model of public spending and tests the model with data using econometric methods. In addition, it applies the model to examine the question of low spending in poor states and offers concrete solutions. Using this model as a framework of analysis, governments can estimate the financial implications of structural reforms and stimulate their economies with welfare compatible allocation of resources.

Repositioning of the Family Planning Programme in India

Critical issues in the stagnation of the family planning programme in India are highlighted and the tangible barriers are identified to suggest few possible strategies to enhance its use and effectiveness in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals relating to sexual and reproductive health. Findings from the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015–16) indicate a strong need to reposition the FPP to meet the unmet need of contraceptives by improving the quality of care and promoting the spacing methods of contraception by minimising the 12-month contraceptive discontinuation rate in India.

Population, Health Status, and the Sustainable Development Goals

The fact sheets with key results of the National Family Health Survey-5, conducted in 2019–21, from 36 states/union territories were released recently by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. In this article, the authors highlight the emerging population and health issues from the NFHS-5 to monitor the country’s progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 and the key policy issues to strengthen the population and health programmes in the country.

 

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