ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Union Budget 2021–22: Is Capital Expenditure Enough for an Economic Recovery?

The Union Budget 2021–22 seems to be relying on capital investment-led growth for an economic recovery. But such an approach neglects those sections of the public that were the worst-hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Will the Budget Do Justice to the Social Sector?

Social security schemes cannot be serving corporate interests. India will not be able to tackle widening inequality if the consecutive budgets do not address the social sector.

Social Sector in the 2019 Union Budget

The 2019 Union Budget has touched on all the components of the social sector in bits and pieces. However, the overall framework for the sector is not clear. Though a key initiative of the current government has been the increase in direct benefit transfers for welfare schemes, there is a need for increasing the state capacity, particularly of the poorer states, as the major social sector expenditures, mainly on health and education, are done by the states.

Priorities of Uttar Pradesh Budget: As Infrastructure Expenditure Rises, Health and Education Face Neglect

Successive state governments in Uttar Pradesh have tended to neglect the social sector and this is reflected in the budgetary allocation to the sector. In the 2018 –2019 budget, t he increase in budgetary allocation for sectors like power, transport, and irrigation has been much higher than that for health or education.

Agriculture, Employment and Social Sector Neglected

The 2003-04 Budget fails to address the major problems of agriculture, employment generation and the social sector.

Social Sector Expenditures in the 1990s

This paper focuses on social sector expenditure in the 1990s, and looks at several aspects, including overall levels of allocation, expenditure on health and education and interstate disparities. India's social sector expenditure in the 1990s was lower than that in the 1980s and also less than that of most other developing countries. With India ranking 115th in the Human Development Index, there is an obvious need to step up social sector expenditure and improve fund utilisation.

State-Adjusted Public Expenditure on Social Sector and Poverty Alleviation Programmes

This paper presents trends in public expenditures on social sector and poverty alleviation programmes from 1990-91. A considerable proportion of these expenditures is undertaken by the states but the central share seems to be increasing over time. This paper analyses trends in state expenditure, expenditure by the central government and central and state adjusted combined expenditures. Overall, expenditure on social sector schemes is increasing in real terms but mainly through increased expenditure of the central government. The state governments seem to be easing out of their constitutional commitment to sustain programmes in the social sectors, which is a matter of concern. Secondly, there are large inter-sectoral reallocations of funds in the poverty alleviation sectors. One major development has been that large funds that were allocated to employment generation have now been diverted to the rural road construction programme. This reallocation may have serious implications for employment generation.

Canada : Women's Interests and Welfare State

Feminists across Canada are gearing up to fight what they say threatens them most - market forces. The decade of the 1990s has seen a rightward shift in Canadian politics, accompanied by a gradual dismantling of state support to social sector spending - which has simultaneously left in tatters the country's traditional image of a left-leaning, generous economic regime. But they remain a minority, as women have been largely co-opted by the demands of the new system.
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