ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Managing Radio Frequency Spectrum

Radio spectrum is a limited resource and by tradition has come to be owned by the state. Its use has to be regulated in terms of purpose of use, place, transmitted power and coverage including directivity. In India the sharp demand for allotment of radio spectrum arose in the 1990s with the introduction of cellular mobile radio. The government and its agencies have not been particularly able or wise in coping with the diverse demands since then.

Horizontal Imbalances in India

Horizontal imbalances (measured by the coefficient of variation in own revenue as a percentage of total expenditure) persist in India even today mainly due to a host of economic and political factors. Variations in tax base, tax effort, infrastructural facilities - both physical and social - and political uncertainty are found to be the important determinants of horizontal imbalances. The dispersion in horizontal imbalance can only be reduced through all-round development of the poorer states. General-purpose transfers from the centre are essential for horizontal equity but they cannot ensure a permanent solution.

Plight of Power Sector in India-II

The unaccountability of state Electricity Boards (SEBs) in India has led to gross inefficiency at all levels. This article examines significant aspects of inefficiency costs involved in SEBs functioning. Part I of this article, published last week, dealt with physical performance focusing on such aspects as technical inefficiency, T and D losses, its possible underestimation, as well as some aspects of institutional and organisational inefficiency. Part II deals with the supply cost of electricity, tariff and revenue, as well as financial performance.

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