ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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ReservationsSubscribe to Reservations

Bolsonaro’s Election Threatens the Future of Brazil’s Quota Law

Brazil’s reservation policy recognises the state’s moral responsibility to the black and mixed-race community for years of suffering and racial discrimination. Jair Bolsonaro’s far-right government wants to undo this.

Caste or Economic Status: What Should We Base Reservations On?

From the debates generated by the Mandal Commission recommendations, we examine criticisms and the underlying principles for caste-based reservations.

Majoritarian Rationale and Common Goals

Looking at existing policy instruments and goals, and the economic and social outcomes they promise to deliver, it is argued that majoritarian politics and social and cultural outcomes are not part of fringe thinking. The politics of hate actually works to build a consensus for ruling class economics. It is not surprising, therefore, that the only "nationalist outlook" of our times is to stand firmly behind the policy programme for the global investor.

Religion and Scheduled Caste Status

The Supreme Court's judgment in the case of Mohammad Sadique carries disturbing implications for Muslim Dhobis, Dooms, Julahas, Mochis, etc, who face social disabilities similar to Hindu Dhobis, Dooms, Julahas, Mochis, etc, but are denied the same legal status. It seems to convey that the former could get the Scheduled Caste status provided they agree to convert to Hinduism, Sikhism or Buddhism. This judgment is in conflict with the basic tenets of the Constitution. There is thus an urgent need to review the relationship of religion and caste as assumed in the acts that deal with the question of the membership of SCs.

Ethnic Tension in Mizoram

Mizoram currently is gripped with ethnic tension between the Mizo and Chakma communities. The stand-off between the two communities this time is on the question of indigeneity. The fear is that such a divide will not just put the state into a chaotic situation, but trigger violence to which the state itself has become so prone.

Stooping to Conquer

The demand for reservation by Jats has grown stronger in the past four months. Does this demand reflect the changing political economy of rural Haryana? A historical analysis.

Modi’s Faux Pas on Ambedkar

Narendra Modi recently described himself as an Ambedkar bhakt and also assured Dalits that he would never dilute reservations even if B R Ambedkar himself were to come back to life and demand their revocation. The faux pas reveals the desperation of the Hindutva forces to woo Dalits by misrepresenting Ambedkar and the critical role reservation plays in the political schema of the ruling classes. Reservations, which are assumed to be a boon for Dalits, have actually been the tool of their enslavement.

Undone by Its Own Mistakes

In the 2015 Bihar elections, Bharatiya Janata Party and its allies led at the outset but lost badly to the Grand Alliance when votes were counted. The familiar themes of caste and development--along with governance, class alignments, the reservations issue, and communal polarisation--were all important, but the mishandling of them by BJP leaders turned them to their rivals' advantage. The BJP campaign suffered from the over-centralisation of power in the hands of Narendra Modi and Amit Shah. A detailed account, based on fieldwork and interviews with those on the ground, explains how BJP lost in Bihar.

Social and Conceptual Background to the Policy of Reservation

This article highlights the main theoretical arguments given by the proponents and opponents of the reservation policy in India and the US. In the current era of neo-capitalism and globalisation, both countries are struggling to balance their humanitarian responsibilities with the demands of greater decontrol and private initiative, which are integral to the market economy. This has an effect on their affirmative action programmes.

Changing Patterns of Social Mobility

How successful have state sponsored efforts been at redressing the issue of caste-based inequality in India? This paper analyses the impact of such efforts by probing trends in social mobility and exploring the relationship between caste and occupation. The primary focus is to explore what, if anything, has changed and have such changes made India a more fluid and mobile society than before.

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