ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

RedistributionSubscribe to Redistribution

Pro-poorness of Growth in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

This article presents a comparative analysis of poverty reduction and pro-poorness of growth in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu during the post-reform period. We use the unit-level data of the Consumer Expenditure Surveys of the National Sample Survey Office to estimate the poverty ratio for both rural and urban areas of these states. The first period (1993–94 to 2004–05) recorded a slow poverty reduction, but the second period (2004–05 to 2011–12) witnessed a faster reduction in poverty in rural and urban areas in both the states concerned.

Dalit Politics in India

Dalit political parties in North and Central India have overwhelmingly pursued an agenda of recognition, calling for equal respect, rather than one of redistribution. While this has improved the social and economic standing of Dalits better situated in terms of class, it has failed to substantively improve the lives of the majority of Dalits. Ultimately, Dalits' quest for equal treatment will be limited so long as it lacks a redistributive politics that addresses exploitative economic relations.

Overcoming Political Obstacles to Economic Reforms via Redistribution

Political obstacles to the reforms process is a genuine problem in most reforming economies. Such obstacles, it is feared, shackle a reforming government, which is then unable to complete the reforms agenda. This paper argues that the magnitude of political economy problems may be exaggerated and that a way out of the impasse is possible. An approach to political calculus is developed that sets out the conditions under which broadbased reforms may be introduced by the government without electoral dangers. This approach is tested using Indian data.
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