ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Racism

Unwrapping an Uprising that hastened Indian Independence

The article looks at the three approaches to understanding the narrative of the 1946 Royal Indian Navy Uprising. One is the idea of a planned conspiracy to overthrow the imperialists by the communists. The second is that of a revolutionary upsurge by young firebrands inspired by the Indian National Army of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. The third is the overflowing angst from racial discrimination and mistreatment that broke the disciplined contours of a naval service into a strike. The author argues that the actual events in 1946 may have had a mix of these possibilities.

Caste and Race: Discrimination Based on Descent

In 2001, Dalit non-governmental organisations pushed for the inclusion of caste-based discrimination in the United Nations conference on racism and other forms of descent-based discriminations. How did the Government of India respond to the internationalisation of casteism? Why did Dalits want casteism to be treated on par with racism in the first place? Did they succeed? And above all, is caste the same as race?

Gandhi and the Re-enactment of Racism

Examining M K Gandhi’s attitude towards South African natives during his sojourn in South Africa, Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed, in their book The South African Gandhi, have accused Gandhi of racism, arguing that Gandhi kept his struggle for British concessions for indentured Indians in South Africa separate from the struggle of Zulu people for freedom from colonial rule, because Gandhi considered the natives racially inferior and called them Kaffirs—a derogatory term used against them by the Whites as well as Indians. However, accusing Gandhi of racism indicates a misrepresentation of his ideas in transition, and the word Kaffir does not connote a racial slur.

Germany’s Apology to Namibia

Tracing the genesis of Germany’s apology for genocide in Namibia, this article situates Germany in the context of colonialism and racism in Africa. It contends that Germany is morally guilty of violating human rights but is legally not bound to pay reparations to Namibia. In order to promote humanitarian international law, institutions like the United Nations need to initiate measures to compensate the victims of genocide.