ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Contrasted Agrarian Change in Punjab, India

The scarcity of lucrative non-farm jobs and the stagnant or declining agricultural incomes for rural households in Punjab, especially for the Jat Sikhs, are causing distress. By selecting two villages of different types from Ludhiana and Jalandhar districts, this paper presents how the different conditions inherent to the villages led to sharply contrasted agrarian changes. In the Jalandhar village, where emigration to Western countries dates to an earlier time, the ample supply of leased-out land from Persons of Indian Origin depressed land rents, which enabled the remaining Jat Sikhs to earn high incomes by expanding the operational size of land through land tenancy. In contrast, in the Ludhiana village, where emigration to the West is constrained and land rent remains at a high level, the incomes of Jat Sikh tenant farmers remain low, whereas rentiers living on land rent and educated idle youths prosper. The latter case of Ludhiana village is reflective of a wider trend in Punjab.

Soil Nutrition and Fertiliser Use in Crop Production

This paper explores the determinants of fertiliser application in Punjab through an analysis of both secondary data and a primary survey-based case study. Analysis of primary data indicates that the fertiliser policy favouring urea has encouraged its overuse, which is incongruent with the soil nutrient level, and this might be one of the possible contributing factors to the soil nutrient imbalance in the study location.

Examining the Etymology of ‘Deras’ in Punjab

A product of religious pluralism in Punjab, the origin of the deras is closely intermeshed with the history of the Sikh panth itself.

An Evaluation of Factors Affecting the Usage of Financial Services in Punjab

This paper focuses on the usage of accounts to avail various financial services under the financial inclusion drive by the Government of India. It examines the factors affecting the use of financial services by 500 respondents from three districts of Punjab, namely Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, and Sangrur. It investigates financial services such as deposits, withdrawals, loans, remittances, and insurance. It applies logistic regression to understand the factors affecting the usage of these services. Education was the most significant of these factors, indicating the need for promoting financial literacy among the masses, especially those who are marginalised.

Punjab’s Peasant Movements

Pagrhi Sambhal Lehar to Samyukt Kisan Morcha: A Century of Punjab Kisan Struggle 1907–2021 by Ronki Ram, Chandigarh: Unistar, 2022; pp 129, `595.

Political Communication and Its Discontents

Contradictions between ideology and symbolism were quite evident in the recent state elections.

Political and Electoral Dynamics in Punjab

Given the political churning taking place in Punjab, the electoral scene may remain quite fl uid until the votes are counted and perhaps even after the results are declared. Nevertheless, the current elections refl ect a clear decline of the earlier hegemonies, particularly of the landed aristocracy of the region, which has controlled state politics over the past fi ve decades or so.

Political Churning in Punjab before the Elections

The assembly elections are going to be held in Punjab in February 2022. All political parties are gearing up for it. The Congress party is facing internal conflicts, whereas the Akalis are making a new alliance with Bahujan Samaj Party after breaking their alliance with the Bharatiya Janata Party due to the farmers’ agitation. The incumbent Congress government has failed to deliver in terms of its promises and development. Both the Akalis and the Congress will be heavily relying on their mass base. However, a big challenge has emerged in the form of the farmers’ agitation. The Aam Aadmi Party is still struggling with its agenda and organisational basis despite being the main opposition party. The standard parameters of prediction of an election result seem to be non-functional at this moment.

 

Dalit Politics: The dilemma of forming a dynamic alliance

In their bid to maintain political visibility, various factions of the Republican Party of India have struck up alliances with "secular" and "non-secular" parties. They have not adequately utilised the progressive undercurrents of the Dalit consciousness to connect with other deprived communities to form a dynamic coalition.

Impending Water Crisis in India

Emerging Water Insecurity in India: Lessons from an Agriculturally Advanced State by Ranjit Singh Ghuman and Rajeev Sharma, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018; pp xxvi + 298, price not indicated.

Changing Profile of Punjab Agriculture

This article examines the overtime profile of Punjab agriculture and the impact of paddy–wheat monoculture on agroecology. It is argued that it becomes imperative to diversify the cropping pattern, especially replacing the area under paddy towards other alternative crops, for sustainable agriculture.

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