ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Public Distribution System

Moving from Food Insecurity to Food Security

The National Food Security Act, 2013 was enacted to facilitate equitable access to foodgrains in order to ensure sufficient nutrition for all. Post its implementation, despite the increase in availability and accessibility of foodgrains, a survey conducted among beneficiary households in Bihar and Haryana reveals that many do not get the recommended amount of foodgrains in the scheduled time, and more than 80% of the beneficiary and of non–beneficiary families suffer from calorie deficits. Corruption and malpractices such as black marketing need to be curbed to ensure effective implementation of the act and to achieve the goal of ending hunger and malnutrition.

Biometric Electronic Point of Sale Machines and Food Security

We evaluate the impact of the electronic point of sale machines installed in fair price shops in India in improving the nutritional status of the beneficiaries using statewise data from the National Data and Analytics Platform. Through the treatment effects model, the results highlight that the use of technology in the public distribution system can also improve the condition of children and aid genuine beneficiaries apart from reducing the leakages.

Examining the Effectiveness of the ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ Scheme

This article studies the “One Nation, One Ration Card” scheme highlighting its ground-level ineffectiveness among the migrant workers. The possible reasons responsible for the ineffectiveness of the scheme are discussed with a special focus on the soft factors, that is, the mindset of the targeted group. It also details some recommendation measures that policymakers should adopt to improve last-mile delivery and make this scheme more effective.

Evaluation of the National Food Security Act, 2013 in Bihar: Reflections from the Field Study

The National Food Security Act, 2013 is a far-reaching public policy intervention to protect people against food insecurity, hunger and malnutrition. The NFSA 2013 brings the old public distribution system into the ambit of the NFSA 2013. The NFSA needs to be routinely evaluated for the better performance and assessment of its implementation as per the stated objectives. This study assesses the overall status and progress of the implementation of NFSA 2013 through the PDS in Bihar based on a field study conducted in 14 districts.

Portability in the Public Distribution System

The public distribution system in India is a major instrument for achieving the goal of “Zero Hunger.” Despite the vast amounts of resources spent, the PDS suffers from several inefficiencies largely attributable to the monopoly of agents involved in the last-mile delivery of grains. To address this issue, several state governments in India have started implementing a novel intervention called portability. This intervention offers beneficiaries the choice of when and where they can avail of their food entitlements while the government controls what and how much. We use detailed and large-scale programme data from Andhra Pradesh to analyse the uptake of portability among the beneficiaries and identify its underlying drivers.

 

Food Security and the Public Distribution System in Jammu and Kashmir

Till 1990–91, Jammu and Kashmir used to be a food surplus state, but it turned into a food-deficit state by 2000, due to changing land use pattern, stagnant agricultural production, unfavourable climate, conflict, and misplaced policy priorities. J&K faces issues with availability and accessibility more than with affordability. This study suggests systematic reforms to curb the leakages within the system in order to provide food security to the people at large.

***

Corrigendum

In our article “Food Security and the Public Distribution System in Jammu and Kashmir,” published in the 26 December 2020 issue of EPW, we inadvertently missed citing Dar (2015) for Table 1 and para 7 on page 19. Therefore, we add the following citation in our article through this corrigendum: Dar, Tanveer Ahmad (2015): “Food Security in Kashmir: Food Production and the Universal Public Distribution System,” Social Change, Vol 45, No 3, pp 400–20. The inconvenience is deeply regretted. —Shaveta Kohli, Khurshid Ahmad Rather

The error is regretted. — Ed.