ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Poverty

Linkage of Multidimensional Poverty and Per Capita Income

Funding: This research is supported by the University Grants Commission, New Delhi (UGC Post-doctoral Fellowship for Women Candidates). The author’s conclusions are her own and do not necessarily represent the views of any organisation. Conflicts of Interest: The author declares that there is no conflict of interest. The author gratefully acknowledges the constructive comments of the anonymous referee. The author is also thankful to the study participants for their kind and unconditional support. The participants were explained about the purpose of the study and informed consent was taken. Rashmi Shukla (rshukla1176@gmail.com) teaches economics at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Integral University, Lucknow.

Avoidable Controversy on Multidimensional Poverty

Given three alternate approaches to projecting poverty figures— (i) ignoring the impact of COVID-19, (ii) including it fully, and (iii) excluding only the peak impact—NITI Aayog choosing the data set that excludes the peak months of COVID-19 in 2020, as has been done in the National Family Health Survey-5, seems appropriate. However, any attempt to explain poverty reduction in a year in terms of developments or programmatic interventions in that year is unlikely to go unchallenged.

 

 

Sustainability: A Pressing Priority for Sustainable Development Goal-13

The Earth is a place where humans interact with living and non-living entities to live peacefully. If it is compromised in order to satisfy our own demands, the ecosystem may become unbalanced, which would put an end to human existence. Everyone is aware of the existence of climate change, but climate action policies need to view the problem from the lenses of both the affluent and the poor. According to one viewpoint, persons who rely on luxury goods may choose to deplete the ecosystem. But those who rely on it for basic needs are left with little to no choice. The unsettling fact is that only a small portion of the population benefits from society's overall prosperity, leaving the majority in poverty. Therefore, achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 requires a comprehensive strategy, especially in light of the fact that it is organically linked to other SDGs and cannot be done in isolation.

Biometric Electronic Point of Sale Machines and Food Security

We evaluate the impact of the electronic point of sale machines installed in fair price shops in India in improving the nutritional status of the beneficiaries using statewise data from the National Data and Analytics Platform. Through the treatment effects model, the results highlight that the use of technology in the public distribution system can also improve the condition of children and aid genuine beneficiaries apart from reducing the leakages.

Multidimensional Poverty as an Instrument of Programmatic Intervention

Conceptual and operational issues for constructing multidimensional poverty indices in India are discussed and the possibilities of its application for strategic interventions are examined in this article. It argues that questions concerning the selection of indicators, data sources, weightages, threshold limits, etc, have to be addressed through a consultative process, keeping it above the short-term politics of the regime.

Multiplier Effect of MGNREGA-induced Inflow of Money

The core objective of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is to promote rural development and reduce poverty by supplementing private employment in the rural Indian economy with public employment. This paper is an attempt to verify the performance of MGNREGA by studying four sample villages from West Bengal. The study has built a social accounting matrix from which the output and employment multipliers for each village are computed. However, it shows the demand-side impact, whereas the realisation of MGNREGA’s potential positive multiplier effect depends on supply-side support, which is lacking in the villages. The paper, therefore, suggests supply-side initiatives in MGNREGA through a focus on productivity enhancement measures.

Why Do Poorer Kids Not Move Ahead Faster?

Can a poorer individual who has a particular talent realistically hope to move up in life because they have this particular talent? This proposition is put to the test by interviewing more than 800 young individuals in rural and urban Bihar and Delhi. Findings show that these individuals have had virtually no opportunity to be tested for any hidden talent, be it a talent for athletics, for singing, chess, art or mathematics. Not one of these young people has ever competed at the national, state, or district level. The poverty of their circumstances is made worse by this poverty of opportunity. Millions lose out on alternative careers. Future champions remain unidentified and unrewarded. Something better is necessary to make equality of opportunity less of a slogan and more of a reality.

The Existence of a North–South Divide in Kerala

It has been acknowledged that the disparities in the development indicators between north and south Kerala have been reduced significantly post independence. This reduction is typically attributed to developments in the social sector. However, there is considerable difference existing between Malabar and Travancore–Cochin in terms of living standards and key infrastructural facilities. The multidimensional poverty index has also revealed that the incidence of poverty is high in northern Kerala compared to southern Kerala. People-centric policies coupled with decentralisation have effectively reduced the outcome disparity, while the Malabar region still lags behind the Travancore–Cochin region in some key aspects.

Tracing the Geographies of Inequality in India

Spatial, that is, geographic inequalities are growing in India and other countries. Some countries are better provided with services, infrastructure, and earning opportunities. States matter and the urban–rural difference is salient to these distinctions. However, locating the geographies of advantage and disadvantage requires going below the level of states and beyond the binary of urban–rural distinction. A sevenfold classification of districts is offered to help in visualising overlapping disadvantages. It reveals important differences in living conditions and is a first effort to go beneath the urban–rural dichotomy.