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KARNATAKA- Fighting for Backwardness- Venkataswamy Commission Report and After

Fighting for Backwardness Venkataswamy Commission Report and After Janaki Nair THE recent decision of Karnataka's Janata government to include both the Lingayat and the Vokkaliga communities in the list of Backward Classes eligible for reservations in educational institutions and government jobs, and to maintain the total level of reservations at 68 per cent brings the history of the State's reservation policy full circle. Quite unlike the virulent opposition to the proposed increase in such reservations in States such as Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka's recent agitation consisted entirely of the clamour of practically all castes, including the Brahmins, for the privilege of being included in the list of Backward Classes, This fight for privileges began in the first quarter of this century with the emergence of the non-Brahmin movement and was essentially a conflict between elites, a tone not entirely absent from even the recent agitation. Sixty-five years ago, a commission under the chairmanship of Sir Leslie Miller, the Chief Judge of Mysore, had recommended the reservation of 75 per cent of all government jobs for Backward Classes, which included both the Lingayats and Vokkaligas.

Scheduled Castes and Tribes- The Left s Lost Role

pressures than say the removal of Solanki that might lead the anti-reservationists to withdraw their stir. Possibly they might even come to an agreement with the government. But such agreements will at best be temporary. Electoral compulsions are likely to push the Congress(I) government into granting fresh concessions to the backward castes, which might again provoke the upper castes to take to the streets.

Reservation-An Election Event

Reservation An Election Event THE timing of the current anti- reservation agitations in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat is not unexpected. Reservation of seats in professional educational institutions and/or in government jobs on a caste basis is a device used by ruling parties to expand and consolidate their support bases on the eve of elections. And invariably the move leads the higher castes to take to the street s in protest. Three months ago, just prior to the Lok Sabha poll, the MP government announced reservation of 25 per cent of the seats in professional colleges and government service for 'backward classes'. More recently, just before the impending election to the state legislatures, the Gujarat government also raised the proportion of reserved seats in professional colleges and government service from 10 to 25 per cent. These reservations are in addition to t hose already in existence for Scheduled Cartes and Tribes, freedom fighters. evservicemen, and so on.

Should Caste be the Basis for Recognising Backwardness

Recognising Backwardness ? IP Desai All the commissions appointed by the Central and state governments so far to suggest measures for removal of social and educational backwardness have recognised 'caste' as the source of backwardness and identified particular castes as backward. The list of castes so identified have represented largely the judgments of the different' commissions based on implicit as well as explicit recognition of the traditional ritual caste hierarchy.

Social Background of Scheduled Caste Lok Sabha Members, 1962-71

Lok Sabha Members, 1962-71 G Narayana This paper attempts to analyse the changing characteristics of the scheduled caste members of the Third, Fourth and Fifth Lok Sabhas, from 1962 to 1971. It finds that while as a rule the decision makers at the national level reflect a social background different from that of the population which they represent, this contradiction is less evident as far as the scheduled caste members of the earlier Lok Sabha is con- cerned. But over a period, the scheduled caste members have begun to acquire all the characteristic of the general members of the Lok Sabha. This, to an extent, indicates the emerging homogeneity among the Indian political elite.

Caste and the Indian Army

In Independent India, caste has been gaining influence in many fields of social activity. The part it has played in representative political institutions is now widely recognized. An attempt is made here to show how caste is extending its influence to the Indian Army organization.

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