ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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How did Social Media Impact India's 2019 General Election?

In line with the global trend, social media has been increasingly used by Indian politicians for routine political communication to directly connect with their supporters. However, unethical practices online by political actors have led to a spike in violence and affected decision-making on the national security front.

How Does India View its Security Threats?

This reading list assesses India’s current national security paradigm.

Bureaucracy and Border Control

Studies on militarisation and borders in South Asia have often remained focused on zones of spectacular conflict such as Kashmir, or Punjab during the partition. This article tracks the production of a discourse on borders by those charged with border security such as the police and other senior bureaucracy in the decades following the partition. It suggests that the “border question” evolved gradually out of a series of everyday concerns over local criminality that finally coalesced into the more abstract category of “national security.” It examines bureaucratic debates on police reorganisation in Kutch between 1948 and 1952 to suggest that contemporary discourses on nation and borders were arrived at through intra-bureaucratic negotiations with the far less abstract categories of village, locality and region.

A Small Battle for FBI, a Gigantic War for Privacy Rights

An exploration of the evolving contours of the right to privacy by sketching the trajectory of the saga between Apple and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. By refusing to comply with the FBI's request to create a backdoor into the iPhone, Apple has taken a robust stance that could influence the actions of many other tech firms worldwide. While Apple's stand marks a victory for the privacy lobby, judicial intervention defining this right can facilitate its crystallisation and harmonious coexistence with other objectives such as national security.

Political Economy of National Security

This paper highlights the high cost of military security in Pakistan over the past 20 years. With the single agenda of its policy-makers being to neutralise India's military might, defence spending has always got a higher priority than development expenditure. More importantly, the military has had a major role in the division of national resources. The military's role as the key player in power politics and decision-making has allowed it to take a major chunk of the financial pie.

Security Policy: Enemy of Democracy

In its response to recent events in Kashmir and elsewhere, the Indian government's security policy reveals a distorted approach. In its bid to end terrorism, a heightened perception of threat has seen an ever-increasing budgeting on security and defence. Ironically, it has also fostered a scenario when the state itself turns persecutor, making victims of its own citizens.

Strategic Consequences of India's Economic Performance

Economic performance and capability certainly constitute the foundation of national security and power for a developing nation like India. India has the military capability to defend her territorial integrity and security; however, it will have to sustain higher rates of economic growth to be able to alter the strategic balance in Asia, and globally, to her developmental advantage. Having said this, the author argues that it is not economic growth by itself that holds the key to India's global profile and power, but the nature of that growth process and the manner in which the economic challenges it faces today are addressed. The threat to what more recently has come to be defined as 'homeland security' is posed by social and economic backwardness, the inequalities and the political uncertainty this generates, and the quality of economic development.

National Security and the People

National security is generally regarded as being in the domain of the national government and armed forces. It is often not realised that the people of the nation constitute the foundation of national security. If the people are empowered to take care of their basic needs and are not exploited by...

US as Sole Superpower

The new Bush administration's concerns over national security reflect a stance that remains mired in cold war thinking. But the US's as yet unbridled superpower status could suffer a setback not from challenges from without but from within - its own people and the ever-widening economic recession.

Small Arms Proliferation in India's North-East

Insurgency in the north-east has been fuelled by the increasing proliferation of small arms in the region, and the support received from external militant outfits. Military operations will do little to curb the increased resentment in these regions; rather a willingness and desire by the centre to recognise regional and ethnic aspiration will lead to a process of reconciliation in the troubled north-east.
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