ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh — I

In this, the first of a four-part historical narrative of the origins and growth of the RSS, the author deals with the disenchantment of many Congressmen with Gandhi's Non-Co-operation Movement and with efforts at Hindu-Muslim togetherness. One of these disaffected Congressmen, Hedgewar, whose early years are recounted in detail, goes on —inspired by Savarkar — to found the RSS in 1925-The emphasis in the early years of the RSS is on initiating unity, discipline and culture-consciousness among Hindus. By the late 1930s the RSS is an organised and trained group with its own para-military organisation. This attracts the attention of the Government of India which begins to keep a close watch on it. In order to prepare for the post-War period and the expected Hindu-Muslim troubles, the RSS decides at the beginning of the Second World War not to antagonise the Government in any way. Part of the strategy is to avoid scrupulously any political activity or any help to the Hindu Mahasabha. This decision proves to be controversial within the ranks of the RSS. The general approach of Golwalkar, Hedgewar's successor, is extreme caution in order to avoid the wrath of the British. The RSS does not take part in the 'Quit India' movement in 1942. The next part of this narrative deeds mainly with the relationship between the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha. The third section covers Gandhi's assassination and the subsequent banning of the RSS. The fourth and final part discusses the genesis of the Jan Sangh and the role played by the RSS in its formation.

Violent and Non-Violent Approaches to Revolution-A Cross National Study

Revolution A Cross National Study Susan Hacker This study attempts to pursue two related avenues of inquiry. First, there is a comparison of the theories of revolutionary action put forward by Gandhi and Fanon.

Local Government Roots of Contemporary Indian Politics

Local Government Roots of Contemporary Indian Politics Harold A Gould Recent studies of contemporary Indian politics consistently suggest that in style and structure it is a variety of what is called in the West 'interest group democracy.

Gandhi's Absolutes

on all concerned" even at the risk of some diplomatic embarrassment At some stage the facts must anyhow come to light. The Information Minister's reluctance to remit the question to the Press Council is another point which needs farther explanation. Reviewing "cases of foreign assistance ... to newspapers or news agencies ... including such cases as are referred to it by the Cen tral Government" is one of the tasks to which the Press Council is called under the Act, and the Government should have very strong reasons indeed to regard the matter as one concerning only itself. Could it be, as Tribune hinted, that the information in its possession reveals "cases of alleged assistance to certain papers which are the reigning favourites of the regime, from foreign countries to which the regime is equally favourably disposed"?

Gandhi on Social Conflict

Gandhi was not a mere visionary. In fact, there are some unrecognised similarities between the social philosophies of Gandhi and Marx. Both recognised social conflict as a fact. But in addition to conflict between capitalist and labourer, and landlord and cultivator, Gandhi recognised the conflict between village and city where the terms of trade offered for food and raw materials by the latter were exploitative.


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