ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Has Emigration Influenced Kerala's Living Standards?

The impact of job migration on households across Kerala has its impact on a greater flow of remittances from abroad, which in turn leads to improved living standards and increased consumption levels. More long-term changes, as this paper emphasises, are related to education. Higher educated workers spend more time abroad, while for the women, an increased access to education also leads to improved health indicators - a decline in the overall birth rate and a lowering of infant mortality rates.

Coping with Urban Poverty

This paper tries to examine the socio-economic adjustments of families that have undergone decline in living standards within a brief period of time. The main earners in these families were once employed in the textile mills where most often, employment was regular and permanent with some degree of social security. These people have lost their jobs and all the other facilities which they were entitled to, becoming a part of the urban poor which draws its sustenance through employment in the informal/unorganised sector. How have they adjusted to their new economic status and what are the social institutions through which they are able to survive?
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