ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Urban Unemployment in Kerala

This study examines the incidence, type and characteristics of urban employment in Kerala's second largest city, and to offer some clues to explain the high rate of joblessness. According to the results of a sample survey, the urbanisation of Kochi has been associated with a process of casualisation of labour, and failure to generate rapid growth of regular employment in the modern organised sector. Besides, joblessness is found to be basically a problem of educated youth, leading to their migration to other parts of India and abroad in search of employment.

User Charges in Health Care: Some Issues

User charges, being introduced in several states and institutions have prompted a variety of reactions from consumers. Will this move negatively affect access to health care? What has been the experience elsewhere?

Neglected Dimensions of Industrialisation in Kerala

Rural Industrialisation in Kerala: Its Dynamics and Local Linkages by Mridul Eapen; Manohar, New Delhi, 2001; pp 249, Rs 400.

Brain Drain and Education Systems

The phenomenon of brain drain, now deemed to have reached irreversible proportions is but a symptom of a wider crisis afflicting the Indian education system. Ills that today beset the system can only be stemmed by a revamp of policies, an overhaul of spent bureaucratic attitudes.

I S Gulati: Our Teacher

As his PhD students, we saw the late I S Gulati performing three roles: those of the practising policy-maker, a researcher acutely concerned about the role of fiscal policy in India and a teacher.

Pesticide Spraying in Kerala

The aerial spraying of pesticides on cashew plantations in Kerala has now been documented to have taken a heavy toll on human health and environmental well-being. Ironically, the anticipated economic gains from it now stand questioned as industrial countries are increasingly rejecting cashew kernel imports contaminated by chemical spraying.

Adverse Juvenile Sex Ratio in Kerala

Census 2001 has revealed a deterioration in the juvenile malefemale sex ratio in Kerala. Hospital birth records can help establish sex ratios at birth and thus the prevalence of female foeticide. However, civil society and the state will need to pitch in to check the misuse of technology for female foeticide in Kerala.

Building Social Capital through State Initiative

While the people's planning programme that began in 1996 is credited for the proliferation of grass roots level institutions in Kerala, this only added to the dense network of associational life that was built up in the state through years of social mobilisation and concomitant state action. This paper, based on a study of a village panchayat in Kottayam, looks at the objectives and trends that characterised this 'institutional revolution' and assesses its implications for social capital formation and the building up of a vibrant civil society capable of playing a vital role in local governance.

Has Emigration Influenced Kerala's Living Standards?

The impact of job migration on households across Kerala has its impact on a greater flow of remittances from abroad, which in turn leads to improved living standards and increased consumption levels. More long-term changes, as this paper emphasises, are related to education. Higher educated workers spend more time abroad, while for the women, an increased access to education also leads to improved health indicators - a decline in the overall birth rate and a lowering of infant mortality rates.

Putting Gujarat in Perspective

Overshadowed by the recent horrific events in Gujarat is a wider shift in Indian politics that is likely to reduce the country's level of communal violence: growing party competition in the states increases the incentives for politicians to offer minorities protection in return for their political support. High levels of party competition have long been effective in reducing violence for this reason in southern states such as Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The rise elsewhere in India of parties such as the BSP and SP also creates intense competition for Muslim votes, which in turn leads to politicians promising - and delivering - greater security for minorities.

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