ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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I S Gulati: Our Teacher

As his PhD students, we saw the late I S Gulati performing three roles: those of the practising policy-maker, a researcher acutely concerned about the role of fiscal policy in India and a teacher.

Pesticide Spraying in Kerala

The aerial spraying of pesticides on cashew plantations in Kerala has now been documented to have taken a heavy toll on human health and environmental well-being. Ironically, the anticipated economic gains from it now stand questioned as industrial countries are increasingly rejecting cashew kernel imports contaminated by chemical spraying.

Adverse Juvenile Sex Ratio in Kerala

Census 2001 has revealed a deterioration in the juvenile malefemale sex ratio in Kerala. Hospital birth records can help establish sex ratios at birth and thus the prevalence of female foeticide. However, civil society and the state will need to pitch in to check the misuse of technology for female foeticide in Kerala.

Building Social Capital through State Initiative

While the people's planning programme that began in 1996 is credited for the proliferation of grass roots level institutions in Kerala, this only added to the dense network of associational life that was built up in the state through years of social mobilisation and concomitant state action. This paper, based on a study of a village panchayat in Kottayam, looks at the objectives and trends that characterised this 'institutional revolution' and assesses its implications for social capital formation and the building up of a vibrant civil society capable of playing a vital role in local governance.

Has Emigration Influenced Kerala's Living Standards?

The impact of job migration on households across Kerala has its impact on a greater flow of remittances from abroad, which in turn leads to improved living standards and increased consumption levels. More long-term changes, as this paper emphasises, are related to education. Higher educated workers spend more time abroad, while for the women, an increased access to education also leads to improved health indicators - a decline in the overall birth rate and a lowering of infant mortality rates.

Putting Gujarat in Perspective

Overshadowed by the recent horrific events in Gujarat is a wider shift in Indian politics that is likely to reduce the country's level of communal violence: growing party competition in the states increases the incentives for politicians to offer minorities protection in return for their political support. High levels of party competition have long been effective in reducing violence for this reason in southern states such as Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The rise elsewhere in India of parties such as the BSP and SP also creates intense competition for Muslim votes, which in turn leads to politicians promising - and delivering - greater security for minorities.

From People's Plan to Plan sans People

The people's planning programme, launched in Kerala in 1997, heralded a new approach towards decentralised planning and the participation of people in development programmes, especially by women and backward classes. However, the UDF, which took over government last year, has diluted many of the provisions of this programme, including funding, which may prove to be a setback to the functioning of this unique plan.

The World of Women's Work

Work Experience and Identity: A Historical Account of Class, Caste, and Gender among the Cashew Workers of Kerala, 1930-2000 by Anna Lindberg; Lund University, Lund, Sweden, 2001; pp xvii + 384, price not mentioned.

Human Development in Kerala

The first CPI-led government in Kerala in the late 1950s introduced key policy changes that have since become associated with the Kerala development model. This article makes an attempt to assess the long-term effects of this innovative approach followed, especially in the two crucial sectors of education and land reform. In seeking to map progress in such key human development aspects, it also seeks to establish the role of social mobilisation and in assigning to the key figure of the 'Kutiamma' her due place in history. But while the impact of social changes on people remains little documented and rests on extrapolation, this period is also assessed in terms of backward and forward linkages - those societal changes that existed before the CPI's election victory as well as changes brought on by the government's own reform measures that in turn led to further political and social development.

Kerala : Strike by Government Employees: Much Ado about Nothing?

In all the rhetoric about the strike of government employees, the contents of the government order which provoked the strike have been all but lost sight of. And yet, it is clear that the cost cutting measures prescribed are neither practical nor will they materially help in reducing expenditure.

India-Sri Lanka Free Trade Pact

The impact of the agreement to remove trade barriers and tariff walls between India and Sri Lanka on Kerala requires careful consideration as the state's production of cash crops has a significant overlap with Sri Lanka's major exports.

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