ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

KarnatakaSubscribe to Karnataka

Research and Development in Small Industry in Karnataka

This paper primarily probes the nature and dimensions of R and D activities carried out in small-scale industries in Karnataka. Quite a number of small firms are informally engaged in R and D in the region. External factors like competitive pressure, technological change and customer needs have driven most of these firms to undertake R and D to achieve quality improvement, cost efficiency and competitiveness. Thus 'incremental innovations' are the primary feature of R and D in small firms and they spend hardly 1 per cent of their turnover for R and D.

Karnataka: Strengthening Gram Panchayat

Last month the Karnataka assembly passed a bill introducing farreaching amendments to the Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act. These amendments will enable the gram sabha to exercise greater control over the gram panchayat and the developmental work in the area.

Panchayats in Karnataka

The report of the working group on decentralisation appointed by the Karnataka government and the bill to amend the existing panchayat law in the state which has been circulated by the government go against the basic objective of the 73rd Amendment of ensuring 'maximum democracy and maximum devolution'.

Larger Homestead Plots as Land Reform?

Land reform legislation in India, designed to redress issues of poverty and landlessness, has in most cases, suffered from design flaws and a failure of implementation. Land reform efforts are also stymied due to a lack of political will, scarcity of land and resources. Research summarised in this article seeks to offer an innovative and alternative solution, one that involves the provision of amply-sized homestead plots. As experiments in other countries, replicated in certain districts of Karnataka have borne out, such homestead and garden plots hold out the prospect of substantial benefits to poor, rural households, offering them much more than a place to build a house.

Community Pressure for Higher Quality of Education

For achieving a higher quality of education in rural areas, in addition to providing for physical infrastructure and teachers, community participation is equally important. In case of Tirthahalli, a high literacy taluk in Shimoga, Karnataka, it is found that community provides not merely physical and human facilities, but also exerts pressure on the teachers to achieve higher quality of education. Therefore, it is not just sufficient for a community to have trust, networks and norms to form social capital, rather it needs an ability to visualise the importance of education and translate it into action for achieving a higher quality of education. In Shimoga this has resulted in community pressure on teachers to achieve higher quality of education. The reasons for the high levels of community pressure can be traced back to the participation of people in various spheres of activities such as intellectual, political and apolitical movements in the region, since times past.

Karnataka: Hindutva Policies in Coastal Region

In recent years, a new confident Hindutva has enforced its presence in several districts of coastal Karnataka, seeking to consolidate its base among diverse castes. Yet, to combat the bonds of economic cohesion and cultural cohabitation that still retain their resilience among communities - Hindu and Muslim, this new Hindutva will need to continually build new identities and deconstruct existing ones.

Women's Education in Western Ghats Regions of Karnataka

Women's education in the Western Ghats region in Karnataka has a long history. The region has seen several efforts in this direction by the local rulers as far back as 1854 and later the state governments. While Wood's Despatch of 1854 brought many reforms in education in India this was followed by various commissions and committees which gave a fillip to women's education. After 1956 and up to 1976 these initiatives were part of development programmes implemented with the active participation of NGOs to empower women, especially tribal women. After 1976 mass literacy campaigns, environmental and women's movements have contributed extensively to the progress of women's education. This region of Karnataka has also seen considerable private investment in women's education.

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