ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Aided Programmes or Guided Policies?

This article reviews the structure, functioning, impact and implications of the District Primary Education Programme (DPEP), in Karnataka. Assessed against the mandate of the programme and its validity in the field, the article calls attention to the limitations of the programme and to its impact on the state's policies for education.

Change and Transformation in Rural South India

A research project on village studies to analyse the facets of rural change and transformation in the southern states noted vastly different patterns of transformation in various states, and also that the pace and directions of change differed across villages, regions and states.

Electricity Reforms in India

The success of electricity reforms in India will depend critically upon the existence of some sort of restraining or disciplining mechanism in the sector, in the absence of which current efforts will likely result in a transition from inefficient public ownership to profit-gouging monopolies or oligarchies. In principle, such a mechanism could be strong, independent and effective regulatory oversight over public or private monopolies or significant competition among a large number of public and private entities. But it is important to examine without bias, and as thoroughly as possible, the feasibility and effectivness of both these sector-disciplining mechanisms before making any claims regarding the desirability of privatisation. The authors also argue that issues related to protecting the environment, extending access to the poor and other off-grid populations and strategic concerns related to import dependence and foreign private ownership need to be addressed upfront in order for the reforms to be in the broader public interest. [This paper is dedicated to the memory of Stephen R Bernow, 1942-2003.]

Profitability of Hybrid Rice Cultivation

Hybrid rice cultivation has not increased significantly in Karnataka since the introduction of hybrids in the state in the mid-1990s. This study focuses on the profitability aspects of hybrid rice cultivation based on farmers' experiences during the 2000-01 crop year. Hybrid rice was found to be higher yielding but less profitable than existing high-yielding varieties. The paper provides reasons for lower profitability and explains the constraints in hybrid rice expansion based on farm-level data.

Karnataka: SEZs and the Environment

A recent workshop on coastal SEZs in the state sought to highlight the importance of such zones, provided an overview of the rules, regulations and incentives, the possible implications for the environment of the region, and the importance of ensuring transparency in conducting an environmental impact analysis.

District Health Accounts: An Empirical Investigation

Economic reforms combined with a resource crunch have compelled planners and policymakers alike to constantly and frequently take stock of resources available to the vital health sector. Estimations of health sector resources and financial flows accruing to this sector were for a long while limited mainly to public sector alone. This paper attempts a micro-level estimation of health accounts at a district level in the hope of evolving, in due course, a mor

Karnataka : Incidence of Agricultural Power Subsidies

Who benefits from the large electricity subsidy provided to farmers in Karnataka? This note looks at the distribution of the annual subsidy, finding it to be quite inequitable. By far the largest beneficiaries are medium and large farmers and the great majority of the rural population receive no benefits at all.

Karnataka: Kudremukh: Of Mining and Environment

With the recent Supreme Court verdict on Kudremukh Iron Ore Company, the associated discussions on mining by KIOCL are coming to a close. However, the environmental movement it spawned has several other issues to address, and importantly, the task of creating space for a larger debate from within.

Interfaces in Local Governance in Karnataka

Contrary to popular belief, there has not been a unilinear displacement of customary panchayats by the formal structures of local governance such as gram panchayats. Rather there is evidence to suggest that customary institutions both influence and adapt to the existence of formal structures. The interface between customary panchayats and gram sabhas and its implications for participatory governance. A study in Mysore and Dharwad districts of Karnataka.

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