ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Is India Moving Up the Global Value Chain?

India’s participation in global value chains is investigated, focusing on its exports. Changes in stages of value chain participation for key export sectors are unravelled and its implications for India’s trade policy are commented on.

Trade War and Global Economic Architecture

The recent decision of the United States to impose punitive tariffs on imports from China and the European Union, and the retaliation of these trade partners in tandem, is of concern to the global community. In analysing these contemporary events, it is argued that the genesis of the trade war can potentially be traced to the piling up of global imbalances, and the failure of the global financial institutions or fora—like the World Trade Organization and the International Monetary Fund—to address such imbalances. In such a context, whether the emerging economies have the ability to influence the course and outcomes of the current trade war, and whether this trade war can generate the possibility of reform of the international institutions are explored here.

India's Trade Outreach Needs to Pivot Towards Latin America

While Narendra Modi and the BJP government have been eager to project Indian power across the globe, trade potential with Latin America remains unfulfilled.

Bringing Money Back

Estimate of illicit financial outflows and the demand to repatriate these are fraught with issues. First, there can be reversals in direction of flows of illicit money thereby making it tough to ascertain undeclared wealth held abroad. Second, even if the money is traced by the authorities of country, institutional impediments may prevent repatriation. Third, once such money is repatriated it may be more useful to employ these to set up trade transparency units.

Region without Regionalism

Three decades have passed since the inception of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. It still is virtually a non-starter and has not addressed any substantive issue. Intra-regional trade is minuscule. India and Pakistan show little interest in the organisation. Without judging their respective foreign policies, it is argued that South Asian regionalism is not on their agenda. Three questions arise: Is South Asia at all a region? How much does the strategic divide between India and Pakistan, with China factored in, come in the way of South Asian regionalism? Why should India bother about regionalism when its policy of bilateralism serves it fine? To probe these, the region's history, global perceptions of the region, India's foreign and educational practices, and interstate relationships are discussed.

Contemporary Macroeconomic Analysis

Looking Back at Macroeconomics 101: A Ringside View of the Global Financial Crisis from Asia in Real Time by Alok Sheel; Academic Foundation, 2015; pp 422, ₹1,295.

Globalisation and Indian Services Sector

In view of the growing importance of services in the economy and the significance of the multilateral framework for enhancing India's trade prospects in the sector, liberalisation of trade and investment in the services sector is especially important.

Steel : Protectionism Won't Work

The agreement on capacity cuts in steel reached at the Paris meeting of producing countries this month is under threat of being undermined by a US proposal to impose tariffs on imports. The International Trade Commission, a US government agency, has recommended duties of up to 40 per cent on most import items, in a bid to protect the high-cost, loss-making US steel industry. Steel exports to the US, including from India, will virtually dry up if president Bush endorses the tariffs in February 2002. The European Union has already declared that the Paris deal would not be implemented if the US went ahead with its import curbs. The EU is also preparing for action at the WTO if the US does not back off. With the hardening of positions, some tough bargaining must precede any concerted international effort to shore up the global steel industry, which is facing its worst crisis in decades, with a production glut and poor demand pushing down prices to 20-year lows.

Impact of Increase in Oil Prices on Inflation and Output in India

This paper attempts to study the transmission mechanism of an increase in petroleum prices on the prices of other commodities and output in India. The paper also examines the nature and the extent of 'feedback' in such a transmission mechanism and obtains evidence of bidirectional causality between oil and non-oil inflation in India.

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