ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Micro-level Price Setting Behaviour in India

In the contemporary literature of macroeconomics, the mainstream frameworks for policy evaluation have recognised the significance of price rigidities, emerging from the micro-level pricing behaviour of firms, to explain the short- and medium-run effects of monetary policy interventions. The stickiness in price adjustment is evaluated in the context of the Indian economy by using the Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers data. The findings suggest that the monthly frequency of price changes is greater for the food group compared to the non-food group, and evidences are also found of exogenous versus menu cost-driven pricing behaviour in India.

Formula Does Matter

Amid the chaos around the new gross domestic product figures put out by the Central Statistics Office, profound improvements made in another prominent statistical marker--the Consumer Price Index--also compiled by the CSO, went unnoticed. The CPI series was revised to a more recent base year, 2012. This alone probably deserves commendation as base years of other national price indices have grown significantly remote. It is indeed a tectonic shift in estimation procedure and conforms to international best practice concerning CPI. Here we discuss the decision of CSO to replace the arithmetic mean with the geometric mean in the updated CPI indices by going through each of the established approaches to index number theory used to identify the appropriate formulation to calculate basic indices.
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