ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Policy Complementarities in Achieving Universal Immunisation Coverage in India

The role of two policy pillars in achieving immunisation coverage of essential vaccines in India is examined by assessing the funds disbursed by the centre to the state governments under the Universal Immunisation Programme and the available physical health infrastructure in the states. It is found that funds by themselves are ineffective in improving vaccination coverage but are effective in conjunction with the available infrastructure. This finding has important implications for achieving full immunisation coverage, which stems from the sharing of responsibilities between the central and state governments under India’s federalised system of government.

Revisiting the Bengal Delta

Empire and Ecology in the Bengal Delta: The Making of Calcutta by Debjani Bhattacharyya, New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 2019; South Asia Edition, 241 pages, including maps, images, index, ₹ 695.

Why India Did Not Go to War with China

India had the military ability to evict the intrusions in Ladakh or carry out a quick grab action of its own in the early stages of the crisis. Yet, it did not exercise the offensive military options. The explanation for such strategic reticence lies at the political level.

Indian Society of 2047

This article assesses the central arguments made in “Envisioning the India of 2047” by Shyam Menon (EPW, 8 February 2020).

Labour Law Changes

The changes in labour laws announced during the lockdown period in several states reflect a lack of concern for the highest levels of unemployment seen in the past 45 years and the large number of workers leaving industrial pockets and returning back to an economy ravaged by agrarian distress. The events of the last few months suggest that distinctions amongst the working class in terms of organised/unorganised, formal/informal, and migrant/local are being narrowed. Labour must consolidate across the board taking anchorage in the commonalities of experience that various divisions face today.

Taxation in the Times of Covid-19

The pandemic spreading across the world has resulted in a rising demand for immediate tax relief measures worldwide. The taxpayers in India too expected that some concessions would be granted to them while paying taxes. While analysing the measures to provide tax relief by the Government of India, it may be helpful to view them in juxtaposition with the steps taken by other countries. There are some issues that are peculiar to India, and this calls for the need to adopt a holistic approach and devise a strategic plan in respect of direct tax laws.

The Paan on My Plate

Brought to India from the tea estates of Sri Lanka, paan is a humble bread that tells the story of Indian Tamils who migrated to Ceylon as indentured labour.

The Myth of ‘Collective Conscience’

India’s legal doctrine of “collective conscience” cannot be traced back to the original concept as propagated by French sociologist Emile Durkheim. The consistency with which this concept has been used by the Indian judiciary while imposing the death sentence, compels us to contemplate how it has been applied. An attempt is made in this article to present the flaws in the concept of collective conscience and in its application in India.

Language and Translation in a Multilingual Nation

A Multilingual Nation: Translation and Language Dynamic in India edited by Rita Kothari, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2018; pp VII + 365, ₹1,495.

Dalit Women, Vulnerabilities, and Feminist Consciousness

Dalit women in India have faced and are facing violence in myriad forms; they are victims of inhuman treatment, brutal violence and humiliation. Despite this, they have not been mute victims resigned to their plight; they have relentlessly struggled against caste-based social oppression and exploitative material relations, against atrocities and complex and contextual forms of hierarchies. The framework of vulnerability provides a useful lens to understand this violence and powerlessness. It is also important to address the lacuna in conventional feminist movements which do not account for caste-based gender violence, as also to assert Dalit women’s quest for and claim to universal transformative emancipatory practices.

Why Nationalism Alone Cannot Solve the Sino-Indian Border Dispute

Any meaningful attempt to solve the border dispute will necessitate India rethinking its China policy.

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