ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By India

Pandemic, Protests, and Workers: India and Sri Lanka Considered

The climate of protest currently characterising India and Sri Lanka continues to receive staccato scholarly attention with barely any attempt to peak into either contemporary history or significant workers’ participation by way of explanation. Both regimes have pushed the pandemic as the proximate reason for the economic downturn in their countries even though the individual national trajectories have been vastly different—as we detail below.

Scope for Reformative Dispute Resolution in India: Abolition of The Intellectual Property Appellate Board to Arbitration of Intellectual Property Disputes

The Global Innovation Index 2021 shows that governments and enterprises in many parts of the world have scaled up investments in innovation, acknowledging that new ideas are critical to economies grown in a pandemic-stricken world. Firms with outputs in technology, software, internet, pharma, biotechnology, and communications technology have amplified their investments in innovation and increased their research and development efforts.

A Tale of Two Countries

Economic reforms produced different outcomes in China and India. This is because, despite the direction of reforms being very similar, the resultant policy regimes in the two countries were very different. China retained important roles for the public sector and the government, particularly in matters of planning and policy coordination, but India tended to leave everything to the market. Initial conditions, including health, education, and the structure of the economy were favourable for higher growth in China. In addition, certain policies of India made some essential inputs and services relatively expensive, affecting its competitiveness in a liberalised economy.

Financial Inclusion in India: Achieving Quantity, but Waiting for Quality

The government of India and the Reserve Bank of India have taken different initiatives to promote financial inclusion in India. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana is instrumental in universalising financial inclusion initiatives. It has resulted in the tremendous growth of several bank accounts. Only the quantitative parameter speaks volumes about unfair financial inclusion. It can be transformed into fair financial inclusion with qualitative characteristics. This paper aims to analyse financial inclusion from the perspective of the activeness of accounts under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) scheme, which is analysed with the help of Financial Inclusion Quotient (FIQ) and Account Activeness Quotient (AAQ).

The Indian Prisons and The Search for Equality: The Problems Faced by Transgender Inmates

The social stigma around the transgender community is changing and taking a turn for the better. But this change may be slower than expected if we take into consideration the discrimination the transgender community faces not just in a particular aspect but in all walks of life. They are denied education and employment opportunities, discriminated against in their homes, and looked down upon by society. Even more so, they are ridiculed and made fun of and act as a source of amusement which people get by humiliating such people. The authors, through this article, try to explore the discrimination and humiliation faced by transgender people in an Indian prison and emphasise upon the advisory given by the ministry of home affairs regarding the provision of separate housing cells for people belonging to these marginalised communities. The authors try to explore the societal gap which exists acting as an imminent factor in the unequal treatment and harassment of transgender inmates. The paper touches upon the various problems faced by transgender inmates in Indian Prisons and offers solutions which could help provide such inmates with a habitable and reputable environment to be detained in. The paper includes a descriptive analysis of the issue at hand with the solutions and the change in perspective that society needs to leave behind to prevent the stigmatisation of the transgender community. 

In Pursuit of Uniform-ity: The Hijab Row

The issue of the Hijab Ban holds several layers underneath it. On the surface, it appears that it is solely the case of students asking for amendments in the rulebook of "uniforms". Another angle is that of Women's dress (uniform in this case) which solicits the attention and control of the community and society. Furthermore, considering the current socio-political climate in India, one is bound not to ignore the possibility of the Islamophobic facet to the case of the Hijab Ban. Thus, a question that arises is how to make sense of the Hijab Ban? Is it a case of “School uniform”, “Women’s clothing”, or “Callous Islamophobia”?

Impact Of Public Distribution System on Poverty in Odisha

The official statistics show that poverty in Odisha has reduced faster during the second period (2004-05 to 2011-12) compared to the first period (1993-94 to 2004-05). This paper attempts to study the impact of the public distribution system (PDS) on poverty reduction in Odisha during the 2nd period. The NSSO unit level data of the 61st (2004-05) and 68th (2011-12) rounds of consumer expenditure survey (CES) has been used for the estimation of poverty with and without income transfer through PDS. The PDS plays a vital role in poverty reduction in Odisha by raising the real income during the post-reform period, especially from 2004-05 to 2011-12.