ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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BJP’s Sweeping Electoral Victory in Haryana

The Bharatiya Janata Party’s sweeping victory in Haryana in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections has highlighted the changing nature of politics in the state. The BJP overshadowed the regional parties which used to be its coalition partners in past elections. Dynastic politics which was one of the main features of Haryana politics was rendered ineffective as the BJP was accepted across various socio-demographic indicators.

Deras as ‘Little Fiefdoms’

The phenomenon of deras draws from the region’s social history and porosity of religious boundaries, where much of its reconfiguration and reconstitution has happened at the intersection of caste and religion.

Water Crisis in Punjab and Haryana

After the Green Revolution, Punjab and Haryana have become water-scarce states due to the introduction of paddy as the main kharif crop, a massive increase in cropping intensity, and rapid urbanisation and industrialisation. However, the real issue--of reverting to sustainable cropping patterns and improving water-use efficiency--remains unaddressed. An improvement of 15% to 20% in water-use efficiency from the present level can provide each state with the increased water share it is demanding.

Haryana’s Panchayati Raj

The conditions imposed by the amendment to the panchayati raj law in Haryana have not only excluded a large section of the population from contesting elections but have also deprived voters of their right to choose. All appropriate measures must be undertaken to ensure that these exclusionary conditions are withdrawn.

Right to Contest

All progressive forces need to come together to roll back the recent moves by the Bharatiya Janata Party Governments of Rajasthan and Haryana to curtail the right to contest elections through arbitrary and restrictive criteria. Parliament has just passed an amendment to the President's address reiterating the fundamental right to contest elections. This is a battle for India's democracy.

How Meos Shape Their Identity

The Meos, a Muslim-Rajput tribe staying around Delhi, Agra and Jaipur, have a rich oral tradition and have several popular tales sung to this day. This article explores how these stories contribute to the formation of the Meo identity through the prevalent folklore within this community.

Polluting Units

The relocation of small-scale industrial units that do not conform to pollution standards is not a long-term sustainable solution. The regulating authority should create conditions conducive to innovation and help in the identification of cost-effective ways of dealing with the problem.

Haryana : Oilseeds and Gypsum Subsidy

Gypsum was first introduced as a heavily subsidised agricultural input for reclaiming alkaline soils. Over a period of time it began to be used as a source of cheap sulphur fertiliser in oilseeds cultivation. Gypsum use is among the important reasons for the phenomenal growth of oilseeds production in Haryana. How has this change in farmers' perception of gypsum from a chemical additive to a fertiliser come about? What is the impact of extensive gypsum use on soil productivity?

Poverty in India in the 1990s

The authors examine the poverty situation in 15 major states across four distinct dimensions of headcount ratio, size of the poor population, depth and severity for the rural, the urban and the total population. The poverty situation, they find, worsened over the six-year period 1993-94 to 1999-2000 in Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. In the remaining 12 states there was a distinct improvement in terms of the most visible indicator, namely, the absolute size of the poor population. Overall, despite diversity across poverty indicators and across states, the overwhelming impression is one of greater improvement in the poverty situation in the 1990s than in the previous 10�½-year period.

Migration of Rural Artisans

A recent field study in two north Indian districts belies certain long-standing beliefs concerning migration of rural artisans to urban areas. As observed over a certain period, there has been little incidence of such migration. While this may assist the preservation of traditional craftsmanship, state and civil society alike need to develop fresh perspectives to nurture and hone rural talent.

Haryana's 'Setting Daughters'

In the flurry of celebrations observed to mark the 35th anniversary of Haryana's formation, what passed largely unnoticed was the state's abysmal performance in seeking to improve the quality of lives of its women, discrimination against whom continues unabated as seen in a widening sex ratio and widening gender gap in literacy.

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