ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Do Normative Values Need an Address?

Certain questions that arguably involve the denial of access both by the state and socially hostile society to basic human needs and natural rights, such as freedom, warrant both articulation and amelioration. If spiritual goods such as freedom, which are essential for human flourishing, and...

Academic Administration and Academic Freedom

Programmatic freedom of faculty and researchers is fundamental to creation of knowledge, as everything has to be open to question and scepticism. The universities and academic institutions are established as autonomous institutions to ensure academic freedom. However, it is observed that the autonomy of academic institutions tends to result in centralisation of power in the hands of institutional heads, and is misappropriated to curtail programmatic autonomy of individual academics. The recent penal measures taken against some faculty members of the Kerala Agricultural University are analysed against this backdrop.

Explaining Cross-Country Variation in Income Inequality

Most earlier studies exploring the cross-ountry variation in the degree of income inequality (measured by Gini ratio) are valuable but for the inappropriate data on inequality comprising estimates of Gini from incomparable data sets such as national and sub-ational surveys, per person and per household income distributions, and income and expenditure distributions. This paper explores the cross-ountry variation in income inequality based on relatively more comparable data and suggests that public policy aimed at reducing inequality and freedom may be the key variables that explain the variation in the Gini across countries. Prospects for launching national policy initiatives to reduce inequalities are rather dim since globalisation could be conveniently used to rationalise a relatively high level of income inequality.

Mutilated Liberty and the Constitution

Without liberty there cannot be democracy and Article 19 of the Indian Constitution guarantees that right to all citizens. In order that the state can regulate the individual's freedom in the greater interest of society a number of restrictions have been placed on these rights. However the restrictions have become so numerous today that the balance has tilted towards social control rather than liberty.

Ontology of Economic Life

Ontology of Economic Life Caring for Economics: An Aristotelian Perspective by Irene van Staveren; Routledge Pulishers, New York , ANANTA KUMAR GIRI In this path-breaking work, which won the Gunnar Myrdal Prize for 2000, Irene van Staveren provides us an alternative understanding of our identities and acivities as economic actors and our participation in economies as fields of activities. As economic actors we undertake meaningful activities of various kinds, not just for profit or utility maximisation as enunciated in neoclassical economics. Economy consists of three value domains and fields of meaningful activities
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