ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Farmers

Rythu Bharosa Kendras of Andhra Pradesh

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has established Rythu Bharosa Kendras (Farmer Assurance Centres) at the village level to take the agriculture-related services to the doorsteps of the farmers. Within three years of their advent, RBKs have found a place in the list of national best practices and NITI Aayog is proposing to replicate the model in other states. While decentralised service delivery is a positive development, the long list of its mandated services is proving to be a bottleneck for effective service delivery. This article examines the functioning of RBKs at the village level to evaluate the merits of the programme.

Farmer Suicides in Punjab

The article is based on a primary survey carried out to ascertain the magnitude and determinants of deaths of farmers by suicide in six districts of Punjab. It recommends the provision of financial compensation to victim families, waiving of debt, and strengthening of public healthcare and education system as the main policy measures for addressing this tragic phenomenon.

Conditions of Farmers in West Bengal

This paper is a part of the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) Project, and the author is thankful to ICSSR, New Delhi for providing him with financial assistance to conduct this research work. The author is also thankful to Sridev Adak and Animesh Kundu, former research assistants, ICSSR Research Project for helping him in data collection, data entry, and tabulation works.
 

Price or Income Support to Farmers

The present study explores the scalability and feasibility of some of the major central government programmes, such as the Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan, the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi, and other possible methods of direct payments, by analysing their fiscal costs and physical storage requirements. Different models of price and income support have been discussed and a comparative picture has been drawn. The PM-AASHA and PM-KISAN are fiscally the most and the least expensive programmes. A judicious mix of policies is needed depending on the importance of the commodity in the public distribution system, adequacy of market demand, and whether the production is localised or limited.

The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology

Farmers in developing countries have little voice in infl uencing agricultural research. However, they are not without political infl uence. The tension between these understandings is examined by investigating the importance of farmers in the political economy of genetically modifi ed crop approvals in India. The evidence shows that while farmers may not be important in shaping policy, they have the clout to defeat it.