ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Payment for Ecosystem Services

Paying farmers for ecosystem services that they provide could be a novel way to achieve multiple goals of doubling the farm incomes, reduce rural–urban migration, reduce pressure on urban infrastructure, and at the same time, incentivise sustainable agrarian practices in India.

Punjab: Farm Household Income, Investment and Consumption

The significant early successes of the green revolution in Punjab have given way to stagnating farm household incomes and consumption since the 1990s. The low investment in education has also resulted in a failure to diversify into non-farm employment avenues in rural areas.

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