ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Gujarat Elections 2002

This paper attempts to analyse in each constituency vote shares accruing to the two major parties in the state with the use of triplot or ternary diagram method. A triplot enables a two-dimensional display of three categories of shares or proportions, in this case vote shares, accruing to the BJP, Congress and �others�. Triplot diagrams provide a thematic representation of the fact that an increase in vote shares of BJP and to a lesser extent the Congress does have a relationship with the decline of 'other' contestants.

Meghalaya : Elections 2003: Decline of Regionalism

The beginnings of electoral politics in the 1970s in Meghalaya saw a clear demarcation between national parties and regional ones. However, the assertion of ethnic identities and the rise of an educated elite among the Khasis, Jaintias and Garos saw regional loyalties give way to still narrower tribal divisions. The split in votes that has ensued has inadvertently aided national parties.

Assam : Vote against Misgovernance

The tea labourers in Assam have always played a significant role in electoral politics. The recently held by-election for the Khumtai assembly constituency, dominated by tea tribes, has brought to the fore important issues - regionalism, intra-party, politics and most importantly, misgovernance - that will impact on electoral politics in the state, especially the Lok Sabha polls in 2004.

Elections in Germany and Brazil

The elections in the Federal Republic of Germany that witnessed the victory of social democracy and the Greens and in Brazil where a Workers' Party registered a landslide victory are significant in many ways. Most importantly, they have both set in motion a polarisation of class forces having in their own different way. Brazil has repudiated the Free Trade of Americas and unequivocally condemned US policy on Iraq, as has Germany.

Two Elections - Two Sides of the Coin

The resumption of the Indo-Pak dialogue appears to have been hinged on the conduct of 'free and fair' elections in Pakistan as well as Jammu and Kashmir. Now, although the US has given both Vajpayee and Musharraf clean chits on that count, there appear to be no signs of new initiatives between the two countries. In fact in the post poll scenario, the influence of the hawks on their respective governments appear to be set to increase.

Political Prospects in UP

Indian national politics is believed to be largely UP-centric. Electoral outcomes in UP have an impact on political developments in the whole country. Pointers to the likely results of the elections to the UP assembly later this month from a large-scale pre-poll survey.

Manipur : Assembly Election:Trends and Issues

Election-based adult franchise was introduced in Manipur as early as 1948. Yet political instability has been a persistent feature giving rise to increasing interference from the centre. This in turn has led, at least partly, to the politics of survival overwhelming all other relevant local issues today.

Uttarakhand: One Year After

One year on, expectations behind the creation of the state of Uttarakhand seem to have been largely belied. However, the emergence of 'popular' candidates, to contest the forthcoming elections, and their promise to set forth a new trajectory of politics - one based on meeting the state's immediate concerns of land, water and forests - spells new hope for the hill state.

Ranveer Sena and 'Massacre Widows'

The ongoing conflict between the landlord-backed Ranveer Sena and the Naxalites in Bihar acquired a new dimension during the 1999 Lok Sabha election season with the Sena fielding a candidate and parading 'massacre widows' before the electorate. Given the background of massacres in the state widowing many more dalit women than upper caste ones, the campaign ploy has provoked a debate centered of class, caste and gender.

Electoral Reforms: Need for Citizens' Involvement

There is no escape for concerned citizens and civil society groups from getting involved in politics without being politicians. They have to use all available means to change and continuously monitor the functioning of the political system. These means include using the judicial system through public interest litigation, the media for information dissemination and statutory organs such as the Election Commission and the Law Commission which have both proposed major initiatives for reforming the electoral system.

Punjab : Covering Up Non-Performance

Anti-incumbency has been an important in elections in Punjab, especially in the last decade. This was last evident in the 1999 Lok Sabha elections which were swept by the Congress. Yet chief minister and leader of the ruling AD-BJP coalition, Prakash Singh Badal, seems to have learnt little from experience and seems set on the same electoral gambles that had cost his party dear in the 1999 elections.

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