ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sanitation and Hygiene in India

Using data from the India Human Development Survey, this examination of toilet possession and personal hygiene in India shows that the strongest influences on households in India having a toilet were their circumstances: standard of living, educational level, and whether they possessed ancillary amenities. However, toilet possession depended also on households’ social environment; households in more developed villages were more likely to have a toilet than those in less developed villages. Open defecation is due to a lack of development and not because caste, ritual pollution, and untouchability instil in rural Indians a preference for defecating in the open.

Reimagining the Idea of a University in India

In response to the editor’s column, “University as an Idea’’ by Gopal Guru (EPW, 11 January 2020) and Swatahsiddha Sarkar’s article, “The Idea of a University in India” (EPW, 4 April 2020), this article seeks to begin a critical examination of the normative ideas that were presupposed in the earlier articles.

Community Self-governance in Education

The dominant discourse in relation to education of Scheduled Tribes and other so-called weaker sections remains mostly concerned with logistics of providing a package. The inherited colonial dispensation that controls education, its institutions, and governance, is treated as a given absolute. It is to be recognised that not merely education for all, but the democratisation of education lies at the core of justice in education. The struggles for self-determination and self-governance by Adivasis have provided ample legal space to alter the present governance in education to democratise and establish community self-governance in education.

Understanding Gender in Educational Research and Practice

Gender in Contemporary Education Research edited by Ratna M Sudarshan and Jandhyala B G Tilak (eds), Delhi: Gyan Publishing House and NIEPA, 2018; pp 436, ₹1,400.

Education in Mother Languages Improves Student Learning and Sustains Heterogeneous Traditions

Though India’s Constitution and educational policies promise to provide education in mother languages, limited efforts have been made to fulfil the promise.

Democratic Politics Should be Concerned With Early Childhood Education

Things in the education sector are clearly changing before our own eyes, and yet, they do not seem to gain much visibility in our democratic politics. Drawing on empirical evidence from classrooms in Anganwadis and private pre-school centres, three arguments are presented here.

The Invisible Barriers to India’s Educational Reforms

Why have three decades of pedagogical reforms failed to translate the learner-centred vision of national documents into reality? This paper presents empirical research that corroborates what Indian educationists are increasingly noting, that there are entrenched cultural mindsets restricting a shift in India’s education system. The research finds three central worldview beliefs widespread among government teachers that contradict the assumptions of policy documents and in fact of the Constitution: a belief in inequality vs equality, knowledge transmission vs liberty of thought, and purpose as individual advancement vs fraternity. In turn, teachers simply reflect the worldviews they themselves experience, creating a vicious cycle.

Six Months of YSRCP Rule in Andhra Pradesh

The initial period of the Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party rule indicates that the focus of the new chief minister is on rolling out welfare policies, as articulated in the manifesto. Nevertheless, the government is embroiled in controversies over policies pertaining to education, sand mining, and a new capital for the state.

Who is Failing: Students or the Education System?

The article probes deeper into the Uttar Pradesh state board examinations of 2019 and argues that there are deep-rooted systemic flaws, relating to pedagogical planning and execution, which have potentially contributed to the mass dropouts and failures that came about as a result of the examinations.

Students’ Struggle against Assault on Public Education

Over the past one month, the students of Jawaharlal Nehru University, with the JNU Teachers’ Association standing in solidarity, have built a mass movement against the proposed hike in hostel charges, as they realise that what is at stake essentially is the very idea of public-funded higher education.

Education is a Right, Not a Commodity

The students of the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, have been waging an agitation for nearly a month now demanding the rollback of hiked hostel fees. That education is a right and not a commodity has been asserted by the democratic student movement for long.

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