ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Disaster ManagementSubscribe to Disaster Management

Mainstreaming Urban Resilience in India

In the recent decades, India is witnessing an explosive growth rate in urbanisation and its associated vulnerability to disasters. Disaster management in India has district as the basic unit, while city as a complex system requires different strategies. The city civic authorities need to explore mechanisms to increase their resource allocations for disaster management as well as to bring in the enhanced skills of both institutions and community.

The National Disaster Management Plan, 2019

This article reflects on the disaster resilience responsibility framework within the National Disaster Management Plan, 2019. It argues that the DRRF lacks clarity as a guidance document for the central ministries identified as nodal agencies for addressing individual hazards. The nodal ministries and agencies require guidance for understanding how their existing epistemologies can evolve to speak to the social conceptualisation of disasters in order to carry out tasks assigned to them under the DRRF. It goes on to suggest that the plan can provide this guidance and facilitate this epistemological transition by creating new knowledge spaces for these nodal ministries/institutions.

Public Health Lessons

Odisha, in spite of a poor public health system, did well in managing the pandemic in the initial month. This is on account of three reasons. It drew from its now globally recognised swift disaster preparedness and management aimed at zero casualty. It adopted a proactive, as against reactive, course, which in itself is a difficult proposition in such an uncertain and dynamic scenario. It took lessons from success stories and challenges based on happenings elsewhere.

COVID-19 and Dwindling Indian Federalism

One of the many effects of COVID-19 pandemic disaster is also visible on legislative, executive and financial federalism in India. The constitutional mandate for functioning of centre on behalf of states has been missed and recourse to disaster has been taken to undertake unified but unconsented measures.

What Covid-19 Teaches India About Disaster Management

India’s disaster management framework is perilously inadequate, despite lessons from repeated epidemics and other natural calamities.

India’s Relief and Rehabilitation Efforts Need to Be Revised for a More Inclusive Approach to Disaster Management

India’s relief and rehabilitation efforts are short-lived and unable to comprehensively or proactively deal with disasters. With floods wreaking havoc throughout the country, there is a need to look deeper into the inefficiencies that currently mark these efforts and rethink how they can be made more inclusive and extensive.

Uncertainty in Climate Science

In May 2018, multiple extreme weather events claimed scores of lives, damaged property and brought public life to a standstill in parts of India. In the aftermath of these events, a blame game ensued with some assigning responsibility to scientific and state agencies, and others calling for more research and accurate weather forecasts. It is important to recognise the uncertainties in climate science and embrace them in order to channel resources appropriately, attribute causality, build public trust, and improve policy effectiveness.

Evacuation during Cyclones Phailin and Hudhud

An examination of public evacuation carried out during the cyclonic storms Phailin and Hudhud, both of which struck the east coast of India on 12 October 2013 and 2014, respectively, argues that in both cases there was lack of clarity over the nature of risk posed by the cyclones. Consequently,...

Beyond Embankments

The recent floods in Kashmir and Uttarakhand are an eye-opener—short term preventive measures like embankments should be replaced by strengthening of the institutional mechanism and improvement in forecasting and information disseminating systems.

Lessons Cyclones Teach

There is much that still remains to be understood about disaster management.

Maps and Disaster Management

Mapping has become an integral part of modern decision support systems. Disaster management involves complex issues of decisionmaking, because most decisions are taken in an uncertain environment. In this context convergence of imagery, information and maps has immense potential. It can facilitate better policy analysis, preparedness and quicker response that can help save life and property.

Reducing Earthquake Losses

The Bhuj earthquake once again underlined India's exposure to enormous seismic risks. The frequency of earthquakes in the last decade has presented serious public policy challenges. What is required is a national seismic mitigation programme that encourages both the structural and non-structural measures as means of reducing seismic risk and builds institutional capability.

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