ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Cropping pattern

Subsidy and Efficiency of Groundwater Use and Power Consumption in Haryana

High power subsidy, along with assured minimum support price and procurement by public agencies, has changed the cropping pattern in favour of water-intensive crops, especially paddy, in Haryana and Punjab. This has placed groundwater resources under severe stress and also increased the demand for energy for extraction of water. The continuation of high levels of power subsidy is not allowing crop diversification programmes to take off. It is argued that there is a need for redesigning this subsidy in such a way so as to encourage a sustainable cropping pattern suited to the agroclimatic conditions in the region, and save both water and energy.

Cropping Pattern in Punjab (1966–67 to 2014–15)

While rice and wheat occupied 90.1% of the area in Punjab and contributed 76.9% towards production in 2014–15, the combined area under other crops, which in 1966–67 was 54.54%, has decreased drastically to 9.87% in 2014–15. This changing cropping pattern is of key significance for the present state and future prospects of Punjab economy.