ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Constitution

All Is Not Well in the Sixth Schedule

The Sixth Schedule model of governance has been aspired by many regions across India, including Ladakh. The perception of the people in Ladakh, as articulated by climate activist and educator Sonam Wangchuk, put a lot of faith in the Sixth Schedule for addressing the climate issues, providing a larger role for the local people on development matters and safeguarding the autonomy status of the region. This article presents the existing issues in the Sixth Schedule areas relating to autonomy and development, highlighting the essential challenges that the people of Ladakh could face if the Sixth Schedule status is granted in the region.

50 Years of the ‘Basic Structure’

Forged by the judiciary while it tussled with the executive–legislature combined, the basic structure doctrine marks certain features of the Constitution as incapable of destruction. The criticism often levelled against it is that it allows the unelected to dominate sovereign will. This reasoning disregards that the Constitution is a closer expression of how the people want to be governed.

Agricultural Federalism

This paper argues for a reassessment of the distinct and complementary roles of the union and states in the agriculture sector in accord with the spirit of the Constitution. It then goes on to spell out five principles consistent with these distinct but complementary roles. Finally, the paper concludes by noting that achieving this vision would require the states and union to embrace the kind of cooperative federalism that led to the realisation of the goods and services tax.

Of Judicial Courage in Testing Times

With respect to the independence of the judiciary, there is a tendency to conflate the independence of the institution with that of the individual in the institution. An independent judiciary requires not only systems and norms designed to prevent interference but also individuals prepared to uphold such independence at great cost. One such individual was Justice Syed Mahmood who served in the Allahabad High Court during British Rule.