ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

ColonialismSubscribe to Colonialism

Dishonoured by History, Branded by Law

Dishonoured by History: ‘Criminal Tribes’ and British Colonial Policy by Meena Radhakrishna; Orient Longman, Hyderabad, 2001; pp xiv+192, Rs 435. Branded by Law: Looking at India’s Denotified Tribes by Dilip D’Souza; Penguin Books, New Delhi, 2001; pp xxiv + 200, Rs 200.

Torture in Colonial India

The impact of colonialism also evidenced itself in the attempts to establish a codified system of criminal law that differentiated and separated itself from the 'native' law that preceded it. Despite such attempts, native practices had their own uses in enforcing discipline as seen in the incidents that unfold in the 'Nassick Torture Case' and elaborated further in this paper. The paper also probes issues related to fear and suffering while also enunciating the social scientists' dilemma of needing to represent and reproduce violence without fetishising or merely re-enacting it.

Confused Selves: Broken Identities

Effeminism: The Economy of Colonial Desire by Revathi Krishnaswamy; The University of Michigan Press, 1998; pp 191, $37.50 (hardcover).

Translation, Colonialism and Rise of English

The introduction of English has been seen as "an embattled response to historical and political pressures: to tensions between the English parliament and the East India Company, between parliament and the missionaries, between the East India Company and the native elite classes". Extending this argument, the author suggests that the specific resolution of these tensions through the introduction of English education is enabled discursively by the colonial practice of translation. European translations of Indian texts prepared for a western audience provided to the 'educated' Indian a whole range of Orientalist images. Even when the anglicised Indian spoke a language other than English, he would have preferred, because of the symbolic power attached to English, to gain access to his own past through the translations and histories circulated through colonial discourse. English education also familiarised the Indian with ways of seeing, techniques of translation, or modes of representation that came to be accepted as 'natural'.

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