ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Revisiting the 'Bengal Renaissance'

Print language and literature played a vital role in shaping ideas and identities in colonial Bengal from the 18th century onwards. With its adoption by the ruling class and the indigenous population, Bengali marked a site that also oversaw contests for domination across a broad social spectrum. For the latter moreover, the language also defined their cultural identity, as part of the attempt to create a new literary prose Bengali to distinguish it from earlier colloquial forms. The new Bengali became an essential tool for the urban, educated upper middle classes to establish their power over lesser privileged groups - women, the lowly classes and poor Muslims. However, commercial print cultures that emanated from numerous cheap presses in Calcutta and its suburbs disseminated wide-ranging literary preferences that afforded a space to different sections of the Bengali middle classes to voice their own distinctive concerns.

UGC and Higher Education

The UGC is the apex body for higher education in the country, responsible for shaping the academic activities of universities and colleges. Its role vis-a-vis a university is not that of a patron and a supplicant. For the smooth implementation of its programmes it is necessary that the UGC works more openly and with greater accountability and is seen to be more transparent in its dealings with educational institutions.
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